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The present experiment investigates in 'normal' subjects the relationship between personality characteristics (anhedonia versus hedonia) and the influence of the affective value of acoustic stimuli (positive, negative, neutral) on various electrophysiological indices reflecting either tonic activation or phasic arousal (EEG power spectra, contingent(More)
Analysis of single-trial electroencephalogram waveforms in a reaction time task demonstrated that the onset and offset values of event-related potentials can be used as indices of the duration of information processing. Two negative waves have been identified which peak at different times in different regions of the scalp, with the second overlapping the(More)
Prior research showed that attentional deficits are observed in Alzheimer's disease (AD). These deficits can further impair other cognitive processes. The present experiment was designed to study the shifts in attention induced by a noradrenergic drug (S 12024-2) through their electrophysiological correlates in 12 outpatients with mild AD, using an auditory(More)
In its first usage, stimulus-response (S-R) compatibility defined strict S-R relationships. The later use of more complex two-dimensional stimuli led to the formulation of the Simon effect as a tendency to respond toward the side of stimulation. Ragot and Guiard (1992, European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 4, 219-232) observed an inversion of the Simon(More)
To identify alterations in elementary cognitive operations according to dimensions of depression, two stages of information processing, namely the response choice and the motor preparation stages, were explored using an event-related potential paradigm in two subgroups of depressed patients (retarded and blunted affect versus anxious-agitated and impulsive)(More)
In order to study the organization of processing stages taking place in a choice reaction time (RT) situation, the three following experimental variables were manipulated: (1) S-R compatibility; (2) movement direction; and (3) time uncertainty, these variables being known to influence distinct information processing stages. Both behavioural (RT and movement(More)