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Nitric oxide (NO) produced by platelet nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibits platelet activation by increased cytoplasmic cGMP levels. The aim of this study was to investigate platelet NOS activity in insulin-dependent (IDDM) and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), which are characterized by enhanced platelet activation. HbA1c levels, platelet(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS The aim of the present study was twofold. Firstly, to determine whether diabetic platelets produce more peroxynitrite than normal platelets and secondly to correlate the peroxynitrite production with the intraplatelet induction of the inducible isoform of nitric oxide-synthase. METHODS Intraplatelet peroxynitrite production was monitored(More)
In the present work we studied in vitro the action of low density lipoproteins (LDL) isolated from normolipemic insulin-dependent diabetic (IDDM) patients on transmembrane cation transport, nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity, and aggregating response to stimuli of platelets from healthy subjects to elucidate whether the modified interaction between(More)
It has been recently hypothesized that in PIH a placental oxidant-antioxidant imbalance might cause the release of lipoperoxidation products into the circulation, with subsequent damage of endothelial cell membranes. In this hypothesis the endothelial cell and further increase in circulating lipoperoxide levels, which are by themselves able to induce smooth(More)
High-density lipoproteins (HDL) plays a key role in the protection against oxidative damage of lipoprotein and biological membranes. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between the antioxidant role of HDL and the HDL-paraoxonase (PON) activity in healthy subjects and in type 1 diabetic patients. Moreover, the ability of HDL of(More)
Sialic acid (SA) content and Na+/K+-ATPase activity of red blood cell (RBC) membranes were studied in 26 normoalbuminuric patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), 25 normoalbuminuric patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), and 40 healthy nondiabetic subjects with a negative family history for diabetes. A decrease in(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS The molecular mechanisms involved in the platelet activation observed in hyperhomocysteinemia are not known. We aimed to discover if homocysteine concentrations are associated with abnormal platelet nitric oxide production in healthy and diabetic subjects. METHODS The study cohort included 28 patients with Type I (insulin-dependent)(More)
A fraction from normal human plasma inhibiting Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase has been recently identified as lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC). The aim of this study was to investigate the existence of a relationship between the activity of the cellular membrane Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase and plasma LPC in human diabetes. We studied 10 patients with insulin-dependent-diabetes(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Three NOS isoforms are responsible for nitric oxide production in various tissues. Endothelial constitutive NOS is expressed in vascular endothelium and in platelets, contributing to vascular tone regulation and platelet aggregation. The aim of the present work was to examine eNOS polymorphism, to find a correlation with platelet NO(More)
The plasma membrane composition affects intracellular processes and the cellular susceptibility to free radical attack, which has been associated with the impairment of cellular functions occurring during senescence. The study of the modifications of the plasma membrane in centenarians might elucidate the biological mechanisms at the basis of longevity and(More)