R. A. Rabini

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The aim of the present study was to determine if low-density lipoproteins (LDLs) and red blood cell (RBC) membranes from diabetic patients present an increased susceptibility to lipoperoxidation, which might be related to the increased incidence of atherosclerosis in diabetes. LDLs and RBC membranes were isolated from 11 insulin-dependent (IDDM) and 18(More)
The interaction between low density lipoproteins (LDL) and platelets might play a central role in the development of atherosclerosis in diabetes. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the glycation of LDL is associated with modifications of their physico-chemical and functional properties and to study the action of glycated LDL (glycLDL)(More)
A fraction from normal human plasma inhibiting Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase has been recently identified as lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC). The aim of this study was to investigate the existence of a relationship between the activity of the cellular membrane Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase and plasma LPC in human diabetes. We studied 10 patients with insulin-dependent-diabetes(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) produced by platelet nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibits platelet activation by increased cytoplasmic cGMP levels. The aim of this study was to investigate platelet NOS activity in insulin-dependent (IDDM) and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), which are characterized by enhanced platelet activation. HbA1 c levels, platelet(More)
High-density lipoproteins (HDL) plays a key role in the protection against oxidative damage of lipoprotein and biological membranes. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between the antioxidant role of HDL and the HDL-paraoxonase (PON) activity in healthy subjects and in type 1 diabetic patients. Moreover, the ability of HDL of(More)
We studied 56 patients affected by primary hypercholesterolemia treated with placebo for 1 month and with simvastatin (20 mg/day) or pravastatin (20 mg/day) for 6 months during a double-blind clinical trial. At 1-month intervals we determined the following parameters in the serum: total and HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, and apolipoprotein A-1 and B. At(More)
Aims/hypothesis. The aim of the present study was twofold. Firstly, to determine whether diabetic platelets produce more peroxynitrite than normal platelets and secondly to correlate the peroxynitrite production with the intraplatelet induction of the inducible isoform of nitric oxide-synthase. Methods. Intraplatelet peroxynitrite production was monitored(More)
Recent studies suggested that both oxidized very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) and oxidized high density lipoproteins (HDL) might play a role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. The aim of the present work was to analyse the susceptibility to in vitro peroxidation of VLDL and HDL from apparently normolipidemic subjects affected by insulin-dependent(More)
Na+/K(+)- and Ca(2+)-ATPase are the major ATP-dependent membrane-bound enzymes that regulate the cation transmembrane gradient which is altered both in red blood cell (RBC) senescence and in RBCs of diabetic patients. In an attempt to clarify the possible connection between diabetes mellitus and ageing, we investigated the relationship between RBC ATP(More)
The risk for all the manifestations of atherosclerotic disease is increased in patients affected by type 2 diabetes mellitus. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD) in a well-characterized middle-aged and elderly Italian diabetic population. The population studied included 3862 subjects, i.e. all the(More)