Learn More
Biological wastewater treatment has been applied for more than a century to ameliorate anthropogenic damage to the environment. But only during the last decade the use of molecular tools allowed to accurately determine the composition, and dynamics of activated sludge and biofilm microbial communities. Novel, in many cases yet not cultured bacteria were(More)
In this work the question was addressed if in nitrite-oxidizing activated sludge systems the environmental competition between Nitrobacter spp. and Nitrospira spp., which only recently has been discovered to play a role in these systems, is affected by the nitrite concentrations. Two parallel chemostats were inoculated with nitrifying-activated sludge(More)
The biological oxygen demand (BOD) may be the most used test to assess the amount of pollutant organic matter in water; however, it is time and labor consuming, and is done ex-situ. A BOD biosensor based on the microbial fuel cell principle was tested for online and in situ monitoring of biodegradable organic content of domestic wastewater. A stable current(More)
Knowledge of the bacterial community structure in sediments is essential to better design restoration strategies for eutrophied lakes. In this regard, the aim of this study was to quantify the abundance and activity of bacteria involved in nutrient and iron cycling in sediments from four Azorean lakes with distinct trophic states (Verde, Azul, Furnas and(More)
Two biofilm reactors operated with hydraulic retention times of 0.8 and 5.0 h were used to study the links between population dynamics and reactor operation performance during a shift in process operation from pure nitrification to combined nitrification and organic carbon removal. The ammonium and the organic carbon loads were identical for both reactors.(More)
Humic acids (HAs) content of raw water is an important analytical parameter in water treatment facilities because HAs in the presence of chlorine may lead to the formation of dangerous by-products (e.g., trihalomethanes). The concentration of HAs in water is not directly accessible by common analytical methods due to their heterogeneous chemical structure.(More)
Biofilms are major sites of carbon cycling in streams. Therefore, it is crucial to improve knowledge about biofilms' structure and microbial composition to understand their contribution in the self-purification of surface water. The present work intends to study biofilm formation in the presence of humic substances (HSs) as a carbon source. Two biofilm(More)
We combine confocal Raman microscopy (CRM) of wet samples with subsequent Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) without significant limitations to either technique for analyzing the same sample of a microbial community on a cell-to-cell basis. This combination of techniques allows a much deeper, more complete understanding of complex environmental(More)
The phosphorus distribution in volcanic sediments of three lakes that are under different anthropogenic pressures in São Miguel island (Azores - Portugal) was evaluated using a sequential extraction scheme. The P-fractionation scheme employs sequential extractions of sediment with NH4Cl, bicarbonate-dithionite (BD), NaOH (at room temperature), HCl and NaOH(More)
Phosphorus (P) mobility from the sediments to the water column is a complex phenomenon that is generally assumed to be mainly redox sensitive and promoted by anoxic conditions. Thus, artificial aeration of the hypolimnium has been used as a remediation technique in eutrophic water bodies but several times with unexpected disappointing results. To optimize(More)