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A number of putative endocannabinoids were found to modify the binding of [(3)H]batrachotoxinin A-20alpha-benzoate ([(3)H]BTX-B) to site 2 on voltage-gated sodium channels of mouse brain and achieve functional inhibition of sodium channels in vitro. 2-Arachidonoyl-glycerol (2-AG), arachidonoyl glycerol ether (AGE), N-arachidonoyl-dopamine (NADA) gave almost(More)
This investigation focuses on the in vitro neuroactive properties of pinostrobin, a substituted flavanone from Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. of the Fabaceae family. We demonstrate that pinostrobin inhibits voltage-gated sodium channels of mammalian brain (IC(50)=23 µM) based on the ability of this substance to suppress the depolarizing effects of the sodium(More)
The ginsenoside Rh(2) and its aglycone 20(S)-protopanaxadiol are known to inhibit the binding of [(3)H]batrachotoxinin 20alpha-benzoate to site 2 on voltage-gated sodium channels and electrophysiological investigations conducted by others have shown that ginsenosides cause voltage-dependent inhibition of reconstituted forms of the sodium channel. Here we(More)
Missense mutations in the murine peripheral myelin protein-22 gene (Pmp22) underly the neuropathies in the trembler (Tr) and trembler-J (Tr-J) mice and in some humans with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. We have generated replication-defective adenoviruses containing epitope-tagged, wild-type-, Tr-, or Tr-J-PMP22 bicistronic with the Lac-Z reporter gene. These(More)
Anandamide is a prominent member of the endocannabinoids, a group of diffusible lipid molecules which influences neuronal excitability. In this context, endocannabinoids are known to modulate certain presynaptic Ca(2+) and K(+) channels, either through cannabinoid (CB1) receptor stimulation and second messenger pathway activation or by direct action. We(More)
1. We examine the sensitivity of GABA(A) and glycine receptors (same ionotropic superfamily) to oleamide. We address subunit-dependence/modulatory mechanisms and analogies with depressant drugs. 2. Oleamide modulated human GABA(A) currents (alpha(1)beta(2)gamma(2L)) in oocytes (EC(50), 28.94+/-s.e.mean of 1.4 microM; Maximum 216%+/-35 of control, n=4).(More)
The salivary glands of the cockroach and locust are innervated primarily from two pairs of motoneurones, designated SN1 and SN2, in the suboesophageal ganglion. Intracellular cobalt fills and subsequent silver intensification were used to reveal the morphology of these cells in both species. Fluorescent microscopy, following treatment of the ganglion with(More)
The expression of p53 protein, oestrogen receptor protein, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and overexpression of the c-erbB-2 oncoprotein was examined in a series of 149 primary symptomatic breast carcinomas. Expression of p53 was present in 62 of 146 cases (42.5%) of the invasive carcinoma and one of three cases (33.3%) of ductal carcinoma in situ(More)
The biochemical effects of hydrogen sulfide were investigated by treating enzyme homogenates and synaptosomes prepared from mammalian brain with sodium sulfide. Brain cytochrome c oxidase activity was highly sensitive to inhibition by sodium sulfide, as demonstrated by an IC50 of 0.13 microM. Sodium sulfide was also found to inhibit carbonic anhydrase(More)
Metallothioneins are ubiquitous low molecular weight proteins characterised by high cysteine content and affinity for binding heavy metals. Abnormal metallothionein function and expression have been implicated in various disease states, including neoplasia. The aim of this study was to investigate metallothionein expression in human breast carcinoma.(More)