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A number of putative endocannabinoids were found to modify the binding of [(3)H]batrachotoxinin A-20alpha-benzoate ([(3)H]BTX-B) to site 2 on voltage-gated sodium channels of mouse brain and achieve functional inhibition of sodium channels in vitro. 2-Arachidonoyl-glycerol (2-AG), arachidonoyl glycerol ether (AGE), N-arachidonoyl-dopamine (NADA) gave almost(More)
This investigation focuses on the in vitro neuroactive properties of pinostrobin, a substituted flavanone from Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. of the Fabaceae family. We demonstrate that pinostrobin inhibits voltage-gated sodium channels of mammalian brain (IC(50)=23 µM) based on the ability of this substance to suppress the depolarizing effects of the sodium(More)
The ginsenoside Rh(2) and its aglycone 20(S)-protopanaxadiol are known to inhibit the binding of [(3)H]batrachotoxinin 20alpha-benzoate to site 2 on voltage-gated sodium channels and electrophysiological investigations conducted by others have shown that ginsenosides cause voltage-dependent inhibition of reconstituted forms of the sodium channel. Here we(More)
Anandamide is a prominent member of the endocannabinoids, a group of diffusible lipid molecules which influences neuronal excitability. In this context, endocannabinoids are known to modulate certain presynaptic Ca(2+) and K(+) channels, either through cannabinoid (CB1) receptor stimulation and second messenger pathway activation or by direct action. We(More)
1. We examine the sensitivity of GABA(A) and glycine receptors (same ionotropic superfamily) to oleamide. We address subunit-dependence/modulatory mechanisms and analogies with depressant drugs. 2. Oleamide modulated human GABA(A) currents (alpha(1)beta(2)gamma(2L)) in oocytes (EC(50), 28.94+/-s.e.mean of 1.4 microM; Maximum 216%+/-35 of control, n=4).(More)
Human neonates and infants can become tolerant and dependent during continuous fentanyl or morphine administration. The long-term consequences in these individuals as juveniles and adults are unknown. This study compared fentanyl self-administration behavior in juvenile rats that were opioid naive or were exposed chronically to fentanyl as infants.(More)
The cannabinoid 1 receptor antagonist AM 251 is known to block the inhibitory effects of endocannabinoids and synthetic cannabinoid agonists on transmitter release through an action at presynaptic cannabinoid 1 receptors in brain. We examined the ability of AM 251 to inhibit sodium channel-dependent functions and the binding of [3H]batrachotoxinin A(More)
The salivary glands of the cockroach and locust are innervated primarily from two pairs of motoneurones, designated SN1 and SN2, in the suboesophageal ganglion. Intracellular cobalt fills and subsequent silver intensification were used to reveal the morphology of these cells in both species. Fluorescent microscopy, following treatment of the ganglion with(More)
1. cis-9,10-octadecenoamide ('oleamide') accumulates in CSF on sleep deprivation. It induces sleep in animals (the trans form is inactive) but its cellular actions are poorly characterized. We have used electrophysiology in cultures from embryonic rat cortex and biochemical studies in mouse nerve preparations to address these issues. 2. Twenty microM(More)
The biochemical effects of hydrogen sulfide were investigated by treating enzyme homogenates and synaptosomes prepared from mammalian brain with sodium sulfide. Brain cytochrome c oxidase activity was highly sensitive to inhibition by sodium sulfide, as demonstrated by an IC50 of 0.13 microM. Sodium sulfide was also found to inhibit carbonic anhydrase(More)