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Processing the human face is at the focal point of most social interactions, yet this simple perceptual task is difficult for individuals with autism, a population that spends limited amounts of time engaged in face-to-face eye contact or social interactions in general. Thus, the study of face processing in autism is not only important because it may be(More)
BACKGROUND Early neurodevelopmental pathogenesis in autism potentially affects emerging functional maps, but little imaging evidence is available. METHODS We studied eight male autistic and eight matched normal subjects, using functional magnetic resonance imaging during visually paced finger movement, compared to a control condition (visual stimulation(More)
We examined the brain organization for language and auditory functions in five high-functioning autistic and five normal adults, using [15O]-water positron emission tomography (PET). Cerebral blood flow was studied for rest, listening to tones, and listening to, repeating, and generating sentences. The autism group (compared to the control group) showed (a)(More)
Most language mapping studies have focussed on activations for single-word tasks. We examined activations for verbal auditory and generation tasks using sentence stimuli. [15O]-water PET was performed in 4 female and 5 male normal adults. Listening to sentences (minus rest) activated the superior and middle temporal gyri bilaterally, but mean activation was(More)
1. There is evidence for pronounced brain plasticity during postnatal maturation. The authors hypothesized that left-hemisphere lesion would be associated with greater than normal language participation of the right hemisphere and that atypical asymmetry of perisylvian language activations would be enhanced after lesion occurring in early childhood as(More)
Functional neuroimaging studies have shown enhanced right-hemisphere language activations in adults with left-hemisphere damage. We hypothesized that this effect would be stronger in patients with lesion occurring early in development. Using [15O]-water PET, we studied eight normal adults and 23 patients with unilateral left lesion during rest, listening to(More)
Neuropsychological studies suggest that good long-term language outcome is possible following extensive early left-hemisphere damage. We explored the brain organization for language in children with early unilateral lesion, using [15O]-water PET. In 12 patients with left lesion (LL) and 9 patients with right lesion (RL), cerebral blood flow changes during(More)
OBJECTIVE There is extensive evidence for post-lesional plasticity in the language and motor domains. We examined possible domain-specific differences in reorganizational patterns, hypothesizing that interhemispheric reorganization would be predominantly homotopic for language, but predominantly nonhomotopic for motor control. DESIGN Using oxygen 15-water(More)
We explored the effects of maturational plasticity on motor activations for the affected hand in patients with unilateral lesion involving the rolandic cortex. Ten patients with early lesion (onset < 4 years), seven patients with late lesion (onset > or = 10 years) and eight normal adults underwent [15O]-water positron emission tomography (PET). Rolandic(More)
Recent evidence suggests disturbances of serotonin synthesis affecting the dentato-thalamo-cortical pathway in autistic boys. We studied possible effects of such disturbances on brain activations for language in autistic adults. Four autistic and five normal men were studied while listening to, repeating, and generating sentences, using [15(O)]-water(More)