R. A. John Challiss

Learn More
In 1991 a new type of G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) was cloned, the type 1a metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptor, which, despite possessing the defining seven-transmembrane topology of the GPCR superfamily, bore little resemblance to the growing number of other cloned GPCRs. Subsequent studies have shown that there are eight mammalian mGlu receptors(More)
The intracellular concentration of free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) displays complex fluctuations in response to a variety of stimuli, and acts as a pluripotent signal for many neuronal functions. It is well established that various 'metabotropic' neurotransmitter receptors can mediate the mobilization of Ca2+ stores via actions of inositol-polyphosphate second(More)
In this study we have quantitatively assessed the basal turnover of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P2) and M3-muscarinic receptor-mediated changes in phosphoinositides in the human neuroblastoma cell line, SH-SY5Y. We demonstrate that the polyphosphoinositides represent a minor fraction of the total cellular phosphoinositide pool and that(More)
Diverse patterns of Ca(2+)(i) release differentially regulate Ca(2+)-sensitive enzymes and gene transcription, and generally the extent of agonist activation of phospholipase C-linked G protein-coupled receptors determines the type of Ca(2+) signal. We have studied global Ca(2+) oscillations arising through activation of the metabotropic glutamate receptor(More)
Since the discovery of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase 30 years ago, there have been major advances in our knowledge of this group of isoenzymes. Five families, each composed of several isoforms and having differing tissue distributions, have been described. David Nicholson and colleagues compare the tissue distribution of phosphodiesterase isoenzymes(More)
The coupling of the group I metabotropic glutamate receptors, mGlu1a and mGlu5a, to the extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) pathway has been studied in Chinese hamster ovary cell-lines where receptor expression is under inducible control. Both mGlu receptors stimulated comparable, robust and agonist concentration-dependent ERK activations in(More)
G-protein-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs) comprise a family of seven mammalian serine/threonine protein kinases that phosphorylate and regulate agonist-occupied or constitutively active G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Studies of the details and consequences of these mechanisms have focused heavily on the original beta-adrenoceptor kinase (beta-ARK)(More)
Rats were fed on a diet containing 1% beta-guanidinopropionic acid (GPA), a creatine substrate analogue, for 6-10 weeks to deplete their muscle of creatine. This manipulation was previously shown to give a 90% decrease in [phosphocreatine] in skeletal and cardiac muscle and a 50% decrease in [ATP] in skeletal muscle only. Maximal activities of creatine(More)
The ability of lithium to exert profound and selective psychopharmacological effects to ameliorate manic-depressive psychosis has been the focus of considerable research effort. There is increasing evidence that lithium exerts its therapeutic action by interfering with polyphosphoinositide metabolism in brain and prevention of inositol recycling by an(More)