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Murine or rabbit whole brain homogenates were shown to activate human complement via the classical pathway by an antibody-independent reaction. This activity required Ca++ ions. Anticomplementary activity in fractionated murine brain was found to reside in the myelin fraction and in purified myelin. It was absent, however, both from highly purified myelin(More)
Live measles virus-specific T helper 1/T helper 2-cytokine productions by peripheral blood mononuclear cells in response to live measles, mumps or varicella virus were measured in 15 patients with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis and 15 controls by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Most patients with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis had a defect in(More)
We analyzed the effects of T-cell depletion on the outcome of HLA-identical sibling bone marrow transplants for leukemia by comparing 731 T-cell-depleted transplants with 2,480 non-T-cell-depleted transplants. T-cell depletion decreased acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) (relative risk [RR] 0.45; P less than .0001) and chronic (GVHD) (RR 0.56; P less(More)
A new procedure for enrichment of marrow precursors and removal of T lymphocytes from large volumes of human bone marrow, involving initial differential agglutination of T lymphocytes and mature marrow elements with soybean agglutinin, followed by rosetting with sheep red blood cells, was used to fractionate marrow cells from an HLA-A, B, DR non-identical,(More)
Pretreatment of normal human peripheral blood lymphocytes with the plant lectin, concanavalin A (Con A), results in inhibition of blast transformation and [3H]thymidine incorporation by untreated allogeneic lymphocytes from healthy volunteers donors in one-way mixed leukocyte culture. Similarly, responses to mitogens, certain microbial antigens, and(More)
In the course of generating monoclonal antibodies to human thymus-dependent differentiation antigens, we were able to define specificities shared by T cells and by cells from patients with chronic lymphatic leukemia that were not detectable on normal B cells. In particular, one of these antibodies was reactive by indirect immunofluorescence with greater(More)
A new method of cyclophosphamide (CP)-induced skin allograft tolerance in mice that can regularly overcome fully allogeneic (major H-2 plus non-H-2) antigen barriers in mice has been established. The components of the method are intravenous or intraperitoneal administration of 50-100 micrograms of anti-Thy-1.2 mAb on day -1, intravenous injection of 90 x(More)
Herediatary C2-deficiency has been shown to be transmitted asn an autosomal recessive characteristic. Recent evidence indicates that some genetic factors involved in the control of the complement (C) system in both man and mice are governed by genes localized within the major histocompatibility regionmthis study describes a large pedigree of the paternal(More)
Phorbol myristate acetate (pma) is a potent mitogen for human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) comparable to phytohemagglutinin (PHA) in potency. Inactivation of PHA-responsive lymphocytes by 5'-bromodeoxyuridine and light treatment left the PMA response intact and nice versa. Experiments separating lymphocytes by rosetting with sheep erythrocytes (SRBC)(More)