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Inflammatory cytokines have metabolic actions that probably contribute to the general adaptation of the organism during infectious or inflammatory stress. To examine the effects of interleukin 6 (IL-6), the main circulating cytokine, on glucose metabolism in man, we performed dose-response studies of recombinant human IL-6 in normal volunteers. Increasing(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6), the main circulating cytokine, is putatively a major mediator of the effects of the immune system on several endocrine axes and intermediate metabolism. We performed dose-response studies of recombinant human IL-6 on pituitary hormone secretion in 15 healthy male volunteers, using 5 single, escalating subcutaneous doses of IL-6 (0.1,(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is produced in response to inflammatory and noninflammatory stress and acts as the principal regulator of the acute-phase protein response. IL-6 stimulates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and may be involved in the thyroid function abnormalities observed in nonthyroidal illness (NTI). This study examined the effects of(More)
Despite having amenorrhea and markedly elevated serum gonadotropin levels, some women with karyotypically normal spontaneous premature ovarian failure, nevertheless, have ovarian follicles that function intermittently. Graafian follicles capable of responding to these high FSH levels are faced with high serum LH levels as well, which might induce(More)
Acute food withdrawal reversibly inhibits the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis in men and in rhesus monkeys, and it produces defects in LH pulsatility in normal-weight women. However, the clinical effect of short-term nutritional deprivation on the reproductive axis of normally cycling women has not been evaluated. Thus we studied the effect of a 3-day(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if the immunomodulatory and gonadotropin-suppressing properties of danazol would improve follicle function or ovulation rates in patients with karyotypically normal spontaneous premature ovarian failure. DESIGN Prospective, double-blind, crossover trial. SETTING Tertiary care research institution. INTERVENTIONS Two intervention(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of karotypically normal spontaneous premature ovarian failure on femoral neck bone mineral density. METHODS Eighty-nine women with karyotypically normal spontaneous premature ovarian failure who desired fertility were evaluated at a tertiary care academic center and underwent hip and spinal bone density measurements by(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the usefulness of routine screening for other associated autoimmune endocrine disorders in patients with karyotypically normal spontaneous premature ovarian failure. METHODS One hundred nineteen women with karyotypically normal spontaneous premature ovarian failure (FSH exceeding 40 mIU/mL) who desired fertility were evaluated at a(More)
Patients with premature ovarian failure (POF) have been reported to have an increased frequency of the major histocompatibility class (MHC) class II antigen HLA-DR3. Here we attempt to confirm this association. We performed MHC class II immunophenotyping of HLA-DR antigens 1-10 on 102 North American caucasians with confirmed POF and 102 control caucasian(More)
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