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We present an evaluation of the qualitative and quantitative effects that high concentrations of benzene and toluene have on the growth rate of several pure cultures that use these compounds as their sole carbon and energy source. The cultures employed were five widely studied environmental isolates: Pseudomonas putida F1, P. putida mt2, P. mendocina KR,(More)
Batch experiments were conducted to determine the effect of temperature and dissolved oxygen concentration on the rates of growth and substrate (benzene and toluene) degradation by the toluene degrading strain, Pseudomonas putida F1. Over a range of temperature from 15 to 35 degrees C the maximum specific growth rate followed the Topiwala-Sinclair(More)
OBJECTIVE Early goal-directed therapy (EGDT) has been shown to decrease mortality in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. Consensus guidelines now advocate EGDT for the first 6 h of sepsis resuscitation. However, EGDT has not yet been widely adopted in practice. A need for effective collaboration between emergency medicine and critical care(More)
Gaseous NH3 removal was studied in laboratory-scale biofilters (14-L reactor volume) containing perlite inoculated with a nitrifying enrichment culture. These biofilters received 6 L/min of airflow with inlet NH3 concentrations of 20 or 50 ppm, and removed more than 99.99% of the NH3 for the period of operation (101, 102 days). Comparison between an active(More)
This paper reintroduces the Wayman and Tseng model for representing substrate inhibition effects on specific growth rate by further documenting its potential predictive capabilities. It also introduces a modification to this model in which an Andrews inhibition function is used in place of the Monod noninhibitory substrate function. This modification better(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the prevalence, characteristics, and referral to health care of emergency department (ED) patients with elevated blood pressure (BP) and to compare those without a history of hypertension (HTN) with suboptimally controlled, known-hypertensive patients. METHODS A prospective, observational study was conducted in non-critically ill(More)
The use of respirometric for from the evaluation of intrinsic biodegradation kinetic parameters for single organic compounds is discussed. Emphasis is placed on the preliminary assessment of the data set to determine whether it is suitable for kinetic parameter estimation. Careful preliminary examination of the data avoids attempting parameter estimation(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether, in obese [body mass index (BMI) > 30 kg.m(2)] patients, oral intake of 300 mL clear liquid two hours before elective surgery affects the volume and pH of gastric contents at induction of anesthesia. METHODS A single-blind, randomized study of 126 adult patients, age > or = 18 yr, ASA physical status I or II, BMI > 30 kg.m(2)(More)
Anoxic and aerobic batch reactor assays using a two-by-two factorial design were developed to determine the potential activity of autotrophic denitrification and heterotrophic nitrification in biological nutrient removal (BNR) activated sludge systems, especially those accomplishing simultaneous BNR (SBNR). Results from the application of these assays to(More)
Critical care constitutes a significant and growing proportion of the practice of emergency medicine. Emergency department (ED) overcrowding in the USA represents an emerging threat to patient safety and could have a significant impact on the critically ill. This review describes the causes and effects of ED overcrowding; explores the potential impact that(More)