A newly-constructed antibody-like molecule containing the gp120-binding domain of the receptor for human immunodeficiency virus blocks HIV-1 infection of T cells and monocytes. Its long plasma half-life, other antibody-like properties, and potential to block all HIV isolates, make it a good candidate for therapeutic use.
The initial event in the infection of human T lymphocytes, macrophages, and other cells by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) is the attachment of the HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein gp120 to its cellular receptor, CD4. As a step toward designing antagonists of this binding event, soluble, secreted forms of CD4 were produced by transfection of mammalian cells… (More)
In vitro infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) of CD4+ H9 lymphoblasts is inhibited by a mannose-binding protein (MBP) purified from human serum. In addition, MBP is able to selectively bind to HIV-infected H9 cells and HIV-infected cells from the monocyte cell line U937. These results indicate MBP most likely recognizes high mannose glycans… (More)
Molecular fusions of CD4, the receptor for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), with immunoglobulin (termed CD4 immunoadhesins) possess both the gp120-binding and HIV-blocking properties of recombinant soluble CD4, and certain properties of IgG, notably long plasma half-life and Fc receptor binding. Here we show that a CD4 immunoadhesin can mediate… (More)