Rüdiger W. Schulz

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Spermatogenesis is a developmental process during which a small number of diploid spermatogonial stem cells produce a large number of highly differentiated spermatozoa carrying a haploid, recombined genome. We characterise morphologically the different germ cell stages with particular attention for the spermatogonial generations, including the stem cells(More)
Puberty comprises the transition from an immature juvenile to a mature adult state of the reproductive system, i.e. the individual becomes capable of reproducing sexually for the first time, which implies functional competence of the brain-pituitary-gonad (BPG) axis. Early puberty is a major problem in many farmed fish species due to negative effects on(More)
Three major phases compose spermatogenesis: mitotic proliferation of spermatogonia, meiosis of spermatocytes, and spermiogenesis, the restructuring of spermatids into flagellated spermatozoa. The process is fuelled by stem cells that, when dividing, either self-renew or produce spermatogonia that are committed to proliferation, meiosis, and spermiogenesis.(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been shown to play significant roles in a number of physiological as well as pathological processes. Best known to proteolyse components of the extracellular matrix, MMPs have recently been discovered to also target a growing list of proteins apart from these, both inside and outside the cell. MMPs have also been(More)
A cDNA encoding the NADPH-protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase (Pchlide reductase) of Arabidopsis thaliana has been isolated and sequenced. The cDNA contains the complete reading frame for the precursor of the Pchlide reductase. The deduced amino acid sequence of the Arabidopsis enzyme closely resembles the corresponding sequences of barley and oat. The cDNA(More)
The influence of different nitrate concentrations in combination with three cultivation temperatures on the total fatty acids (TFA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) content of Nannochloropsis salina was investigated. This was done by virtue of turbidostatic controlled cultures. This control mode enables the cultivation of microalgae under defined conditions(More)
Characterization of the adenosine A2 receptor has been limited due to the lack of available ligands which have high affinity and selectivity for this adenosine receptor subtype. In the present study, the binding of a highly A2-selective agonist radioligand, [3H]CGS 21680 (2-[p-(2-carboxyethyl)-phenethylamino]-5'-N-ethylcarboxamido adenosine) is described.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Reactive oxygen and nitrogen species play an important role in the development of diabetic cardiomyopathy. They can activate matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), and MMP-2 in particular is known to mediate early consequences of oxidative stress injury in the heart. Therefore, we investigated the role of MMP-2 and the effect of the MMP(More)
The activity of the bidirectional hydrogenase of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 was found not to be regulated in parallel to respiration but to photosynthesis. A mutant with a deletion in the large hydrogenase subunit gene (hoxH), which contains the active site, was impaired in the oxidation of photosystem I (PSI) when illuminated with light,(More)
The zebrafish has become an important vertebrate model for basic and biomedical research, including the research field of the biology of reproduction. However, very few morphological and stereological data are available regarding zebrafish testis structure and spermatogenesis. In this careful histomorphometric evaluation of the testis, we studied(More)