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Previous functional imaging studies of chronic stroke patients with aphasia suggest that recovery of language occurs in a pre-existing, bilateral network with an upregulation of undamaged areas and a recruitment of perilesional tissue and homologue right language areas. The present study aimed at identifying the dynamics of reorganization in the language(More)
BACKGROUND Transcatheter aortic valve implantation was developed to mitigate the mortality and morbidity associated with high-risk traditional aortic valve replacement. The Edwards SAPIEN valve was approved for transcatheter aortic valve implantation transfemoral delivery in the European Union in November 2007 and for transapical delivery in January 2008.(More)
BACKGROUND Transcatheter aortic valve implantation was developed to provide a therapeutic option for patients considered to be ineligible for, and to mitigate mortality and morbidity associated with, high-risk surgical aortic valve replacement. METHODS AND RESULTS The Edwards SAPIEN Aortic Bioprosthesis European Outcome (SOURCE) Registry was designed to(More)
Cognitive functions are organized in distributed, overlapping, and interacting brain networks. Investigation of those large-scale brain networks is a major task in neuroimaging research. Here, we introduce a novel combination of functional and anatomical connectivity to study the network topology subserving a cognitive function of interest. (i) In a given(More)
BACKGROUND Osteoporosis and related fractures are a major complication after organ transplantation. The aim of this study was to find out the frequency and predictors of osteoporotic fractures after cardiac or liver transplantation. METHODS 235 consecutive patients who had a cardiac transplant (n=105; 88 men, 17 women) or a liver transplant (130; 75 men,(More)
OBJECTIVE Down syndrome is frequently associated with complete atrioventricular septal defect. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the impact of Down syndrome on morphologic features, surgical management, and perioperative and long-term mortality in patients with complete atrioventricular septal defect. METHODS Between October 1974 and(More)
OBJECTIVES The German Aortic Valve Registry (GARY) seeks to provide information on a real-world, all-comers basis for patients undergoing aortic valve interventions. This registry comprises patients undergoing the complete spectrum of transcutaneous and conventional surgical aortic valve interventions. The aim of this study was to use the GARY registry to(More)
OBJECTIVE Although the procedural feasibility of transcatheter aortic valve implantation has been shown by multiple groups, longer-term data are rare. We report on 2-year follow-up clinical and echocardiographic results after transcatheter aortic valve implantation in 227 patients. METHODS Patients' mean age was 81 ± 7 years, 59% were female, mean(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for new-onset atrioventricular (AV) block requiring pacemaker (PM) implantation after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). BACKGROUND High-grade AV block and consecutive PM implantation are frequent complications following TAVI. METHODS For logistic regression analysis, we included(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the incidence and causes of herniation, and the results of hernia repair in patients undergoing liver transplantation. Likewise, nothing is known about the best surgical approach for hernia repair. METHODS A retrospective analysis was conducted of the occurrence of incisional hernia in 290 patients who had liver(More)