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Raman microscopy permits structural analysis of protein crystals in situ in hanging drops, allowing for comparison with Raman measurements in solution. Nevertheless, the two methods sometimes reveal subtle differences in structure that are often ascribed to the water layer surrounding the protein. The novel method of drop-coating deposition Raman(More)
Point mutations of a part of the H(4)-H(5) loop (Leu(354)-Ile(604)) of Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase have been used to study the ATP and TNP-ATP binding affinities. Besides the previously reported amino acid residues Lys(480), Lys(501), Gly(502), and Cys(549), we have found four more amino acid residues, viz., Glu(446), Phe(475), Gln(482), and Phe(548), completing the(More)
Mutation of Arg(423) at the N-domain of Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase resulted in a large decrease of both TNP-ATP and ATP binding. Thus, this residue, localized outside the binding pocket, seems to play a key role in supporting the proper structure and shape of the binding site. In addition, mutation of Glu(472) also caused a large decrease of both TNP-ATP and ATP(More)
The Escherichia coli protein WrbA, an FMN-dependent NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase, was crystallized under new conditions in the presence of FAD or the native cofactor FMN. Slow-growing deep yellow crystals formed with FAD display the tetragonal bipyramidal shape typical for WrbA and diffract to 1.2 Å resolution, the highest yet reported. Faster-growing(More)
The vanilloid receptor [transient receptor potential (TRP)V1, also known as VR1] is a member of the TRP channel family. These receptors share a significant sequence homology, a similar predicted structure with six transmembrane-spanning domains (S1-S6), a pore-forming region between S5 and S6, and the cytoplasmically oriented C- and N-terminal regions.(More)
The crystal structure of the flavodoxin-like protein WrbA with oxidized FMN bound reveals a close relationship to mammalian NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase, Nqo1. Structural comparison of WrbA, flavodoxin, and Nqo1 indicates how the twisted open-sheet fold of flavodoxins is elaborated to form multimers that extend catalytic function from one-electron(More)
BACKGROUND Nitrilases attract increasing attention due to their utility in the mild hydrolysis of nitriles. According to activity and gene screening, filamentous fungi are a rich source of nitrilases distinct in evolution from their widely examined bacterial counterparts. However, fungal nitrilases have been less explored than the bacterial ones. Nitrilases(More)
The effect of non-denaturing concentrations of three different organic solvents, formamide, acetone and isopropanol, on the structure of haloalkane dehalogenases DhaA, LinB, and DbjA at the protein-solvent interface was studied using molecular dynamics simulations. Analysis of B-factors revealed that the presence of a given organic solvent mainly affects(More)
Proteins of glutamatergic NMDA receptor signaling pathways have been studied as targets for intervention in a variety of neuropathological conditions, including neurodegenerations, epilepsy, neuropathic pain, drug addiction, and schizophrenia. High activity NMDA-blocking agents have been designed to treat some of these disorders; however, their effect is(More)
The nucleotide-binding domain of the alpha subunit of mouse brain Na+/K+-ATPase was expressed and isolated from Escherichia coli cells. A model structure was constructed by comparative modeling with and without docked ATP. This was compared with the secondary structure determination from UV circular dichroism and Raman spectroscopy. Thus, we support the(More)