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The vanilloid receptor [transient receptor potential (TRP)V1, also known as VR1] is a member of the TRP channel family. These receptors share a significant sequence homology, a similar predicted structure with six transmembrane-spanning domains (S1-S6), a pore-forming region between S5 and S6, and the cytoplasmically oriented C- and N-terminal regions.(More)
Raman microscopy permits structural analysis of protein crystals in situ in hanging drops, allowing for comparison with Raman measurements in solution. Nevertheless, the two methods sometimes reveal subtle differences in structure that are often ascribed to the water layer surrounding the protein. The novel method of drop-coating deposition Raman(More)
Proteins of glutamatergic NMDA receptor signaling pathways have been studied as targets for intervention in a variety of neuropathological conditions, including neurodegenerations, epilepsy, neuropathic pain, drug addiction, and schizophrenia. High activity NMDA-blocking agents have been designed to treat some of these disorders; however, their effect is(More)
The transient receptor potential vanilloid receptor-1 (TRPV1) is a sensory neuron-specific nonselective cation channel that is gated in response to various noxious stimuli: pungent vanilloids, low pH, noxious heat, and depolarizing voltages. By its analogy to K+ channels, the S6 inner helix domain of TRPV1 (Y666-G683) is a prime candidate to form the most(More)
The effect of the pore-blocking peptides charybdotoxin and margatoxin, both scorpion toxins, on currents through human voltage-gated hK(v)1.3 wild-type and hK(v)1.3_H399N mutant potassium channels was characterized by the whole-cell patch clamp technique. In the mutant channels, both toxins hardly blocked current through the channels, although they did(More)
The ankyrin transient receptor potential channel TRPA1 is a non-selective cationic channel that is expressed by sensory neurons, where it can be activated by pungent chemicals, such as AITC (allyl isothiocyanate), cinnamon or allicin, by deep cooling (<18 °C) or highly depolarizing voltages (>+100 mV). From the cytoplasmic side, this channel can be(More)
BACKGROUND Nitrilases attract increasing attention due to their utility in the mild hydrolysis of nitriles. According to activity and gene screening, filamentous fungi are a rich source of nitrilases distinct in evolution from their widely examined bacterial counterparts. However, fungal nitrilases have been less explored than the bacterial ones. Nitrilases(More)
β-N-Acetylhexosaminidase (GH20) from the filamentous fungus Talaromyces flavus, previously identified as a prominent enzyme in the biosynthesis of modified glycosides, lacks a high resolution three-dimensional structure so far. Despite of high sequence identity to previously reported Aspergillus oryzae and Penicilluim oxalicum β-N-acetylhexosaminidases,(More)
A model of the helical part of the human MT2 melatonin (hMT2) receptor, a member of the G protein-coupled receptors superfamily has been generated, based on the structure of bovine rhodopsin. Modeling has been combined with site-directed mutagenesis to investigate the role of the specific amino acid residues within the transmembrane domains (TM) numbers V,(More)
The ankyrin transient receptor potential channel TRPA1 is a sensory neuron-specific channel that is gated by various proalgesic agents such as allyl isothiocyanate (AITC), deep cooling or highly depolarizing voltages. How these disparate stimuli converge on the channel protein to open/close its ion-conducting pore is unknown. We identify several residues(More)