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The vanilloid receptor [transient receptor potential (TRP)V1, also known as VR1] is a member of the TRP channel family. These receptors share a significant sequence homology, a similar predicted structure with six transmembrane-spanning domains (S1-S6), a pore-forming region between S5 and S6, and the cytoplasmically oriented C- and N-terminal regions.(More)
The crystal structure of the flavodoxin-like protein WrbA with oxidized FMN bound reveals a close relationship to mammalian NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase, Nqo1. Structural comparison of WrbA, flavodoxin, and Nqo1 indicates how the twisted open-sheet fold of flavodoxins is elaborated to form multimers that extend catalytic function from one-electron(More)
Preliminary X-ray diffraction analysis of the extrinsic PsbP protein of photosystem II from spinach (Spinacia oleracea) was performed using N-terminally His-tagged recombinant PsbP protein overexpressed in Escherichia coli. Recombinant PsbP protein (thrombin-digested recombinant His-tagged PsbP) stored in bis-Tris buffer pH 6.00 was crystallized using the(More)
Charybdotoxin, belonging to the group of so-called scorpion toxins, is a short peptide able to block many voltage-gated potassium channels, such as mKv1.3, with high affinity. We use a reliable homology model based on the high-resolution crystal structure of the 94% sequence identical homologue Kv1.2 for charybdotoxin docking followed by molecular dynamics(More)
A model of the helical part of the human MT2 melatonin (hMT2) receptor, a member of the G protein-coupled receptors superfamily has been generated, based on the structure of bovine rhodopsin. Modeling has been combined with site-directed mutagenesis to investigate the role of the specific amino acid residues within the transmembrane domains (TM) numbers V,(More)
Proteins of glutamatergic NMDA receptor signaling pathways have been studied as targets for intervention in a variety of neuropathological conditions, including neurodegenerations, epilepsy, neuropathic pain, drug addiction, and schizophrenia. High activity NMDA-blocking agents have been designed to treat some of these disorders; however, their effect is(More)
The Ca(2+) release-activated Ca(2+) channel mediates Ca(2+) influx in a plethora of cell types, thereby controlling diverse cellular functions. The channel complex is composed of stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1), an endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-sensing protein, and Orai1, a plasma membrane Ca(2+) channel. Channels composed of STIM1 and Orai1 mediate(More)
Point mutations of a part of the H(4)-H(5) loop (Leu(354)-Ile(604)) of Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase have been used to study the ATP and TNP-ATP binding affinities. Besides the previously reported amino acid residues Lys(480), Lys(501), Gly(502), and Cys(549), we have found four more amino acid residues, viz., Glu(446), Phe(475), Gln(482), and Phe(548), completing the(More)
The transient receptor potential vanilloid receptor-1 (TRPV1) is a sensory neuron-specific nonselective cation channel that is gated in response to various noxious stimuli: pungent vanilloids, low pH, noxious heat, and depolarizing voltages. By its analogy to K+ channels, the S6 inner helix domain of TRPV1 (Y666-G683) is a prime candidate to form the most(More)