Rüdiger Braun-Dullaeus

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BACKGROUND The natural history, management, and outcome of takotsubo (stress) cardiomyopathy are incompletely understood. METHODS The International Takotsubo Registry, a consortium of 26 centers in Europe and the United States, was established to investigate clinical features, prognostic predictors, and outcome of takotsubo cardiomyopathy. Patients were(More)
Aerobic exercise in young adults can induce vascular plasticity in the hippocampus, a critical region for recall and recognition memory. In a mechanistic proof-of-concept intervention over 3 months, we investigated whether healthy older adults (60-77 years) also show such plasticity. Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and volume (rCBV) were measured with(More)
OBJECTIVE Although numerous diseases involving cellular proliferation are also associated with phenotypic changes, there has been little direct evidence that cell phenotype and the cell's response to external stimuli are modified during passage through different phases of the cell cycle. In this study, we demonstrate that an association exists between cell(More)
Entry into and progression of vascular cells through the cell cycle is considered a key event in vascular proliferative diseases. Multiple growth factors and cytokines have been found to regulate vascular cell proliferation. However, the machinery regulating cell cycle represents the "final common pathway" of these signaling cascades and thus provides an(More)
The G534E polymorphism (Marburg I [MI]) of factor VII-activating protease (FSAP) is associated with carotid stenosis and cardiovascular disease. We have previously demonstrated that FSAP is present in atherosclerotic plaques and it is a potent inhibitor of vascular smooth muscle proliferation and migration in vitro. The effect of wild-type (WT)- and MI-FSAP(More)
In the pulmonary vasculature, the mechanisms responsible for oxygen sensing and the initiation of hypoxia-induced vasoconstriction and vascular remodeling are still unclear. Nitric oxide (NO) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) are discussed as early mediators of the hypoxic response. Here, we describe a quantitative analysis of NO- and ROS-producing cells(More)
Although caveolin-1 is not expressed in cardiomyocytes, this protein is assumed to act as a key regulator in the development of cardiomyopathy. In view of recent discordant findings we aimed to elucidate the cardiac phenotype of independently generated caveolin-1 knockout mice (cav-1(-/-)) and to unveil causative mechanisms. Invasive hemodynamic(More)
The arterial vascular wall contains a non-neuronal intrinsic cholinergic system. The rate-limiting step in acetylcholine (ACh) synthesis is choline uptake. A high-affinity choline transporter, CHT1, has recently been cloned from neural tissue and has been identified in epithelial cholinergic cells. Here we investigated its presence in rat and human arteries(More)
OBJECTIVES Macrophage migration inhibitory factor 1alpha (MIF), a cytokine with immunoregulatory functions has been suggested to be involved in atherosclerotic plaque development. However, little is known about MIF-inducing conditions in the atherosclerotic process and the association of MIF with plaque instability. METHODS AND RESULTS Forty-two carotid(More)