Rúbia Marsia Weffort de Oliveira

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The dorsolateral periaqueductal gray matter (DLPAG) is a key structure in behavioral and autonomic expression of defensive reactions. Inhibitors of nitric oxide (NO) synthase microinjected into the DLPAG are anxiolytic. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the behavioral effects produced by administration of two NO donors, SIN-1 or DEA/NO, into(More)
Microinjection of excitatory amino acids (EAA) into the dorsolateral periaqueductal gray (dlPAG) induces flight reactions while EAA antagonists show anxiolytic effects. Part of the effects mediated by NMDA receptors may involve an increase in nitric oxide (NO) production. We showed that nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitors injected into the dlPAG induced(More)
The objective of the present study was to investigate the expression of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) mRNA in stress-related areas after restraint. Male Wistar rats (n=4-6/group) submitted to 2 h of restraint during one (acute) or seven (chronic) days were sacrificed 24 h after the last restraint period. In situ hybridisation was performed with(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY Different preparations obtained from P. alliacea have been traditionally used in South America and Brazil for many medical conditions. To investigate the effects of fresh whole plant (WP) extract, aerial part (AP) extract, and root (R) extract obtained from Petiveria alliacea using the elevated plus maze (EPM) model of anxiety in mice.(More)
The present study evaluated the effects of sildenafil using the 4-vessel occlusion (VO)/internal carotid artery (ICA) model of chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (HCC). We previously found that permanent, three-stage occlusion of the vertebral arteries (VA) and ICA, four-VO/ICA, with an interstage interval (ISI) of 7 days was innocuous and caused no structural(More)
The present study investigated whether nitric oxide (NO)-producing neurons localized in brain areas related to anxiety are also activated after ethanol withdrawal. Male Wistar rats were subjected to an oral ethanol self-administration procedure, in which they were offered 6-8% (vol/vol) ethanol solution for a period of 21 days followed by abrupt(More)
We investigated the effects of chronic administration of vitamin E on nitric oxide (NO)-producing neurons in the brains of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats using nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-diaphorase (NADPH-d) histochemistry. We further evaluated the effects of diabetes and vitamin E treatment on experimental anxiety and memory(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Trichilia catigua preparations have been popularly used in Brazil as a tonic for the treatment of fatigue, stress, impotence, and memory deficits. We recently demonstrated an antidepressant-like effect of acute administration of the Trichilia catigua ethyl-acetate fraction (EAF) in mice. The aim of the present study was to(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Trichilia catigua preparations have been popularly used in Brazil as a tonic for the treatment of fatigue, stress, impotence, and deficiency of memory. The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible antidepressant, anxiolytic, motor and cognitive effects of the crude extract (CE) or ethyl-acetate fraction (EAF)(More)
4-Hydroxy-3-methoxy-acetophenone (apocynin) is a naturally occurring methoxy-substitute catechol that is isolated from the roots of Apocynin cannabinum (Canadian hemp) and Picrorhiza kurroa (Scrophulariaceae). It has been previously shown to have antioxidant and neuroprotective properties in several models of neurodegenerative disease, including cerebral(More)