Rønnaug Solberg

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OBJECTIVE The objective of our study was to evaluate the effect of supplementation with docosahexaenoic acid and arachidonic acid for human milk-fed preterm infants. The primary end point was cognitive development at 6 months of age. METHODS The study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study among 141 infants with birth weights of <1500 g.(More)
BACKGROUND Currently, a limited range of biochemical tests for hypoxia are in clinical use. Early diagnostic and functional biomarkers that mirror cellular metabolism and recovery during resuscitation are lacking. We hypothesized that the quantification of metabolites after hypoxia and resuscitation would enable the detection of markers of hypoxia as well(More)
Newborn resuscitation with pure oxygen may be associated with long-term detrimental effects. Due to the change in attitude toward use of less oxygen upon resuscitation, there is a need to study effects of intermediate hyperoxia. The aim was to study dose-response correlation between inspiratory fraction of oxygen used for resuscitation and urinary markers(More)
OBJECTIVE To follow-up children who had been resuscitated at birth with either 21% or 100% oxygen (O2). METHODS A multicenter study with 10 participating centers recruited 609 infants to the Resair 2 study where resuscitation was performed with either 21% or 100% O2. A follow-up between ages 18 and 24 months was performed. However, during follow-up(More)
The optimal oxygen concentration for newborn resuscitation is still discussed. Oxygen administration during reoxygenation may induce short- and long-term pathologic changes via oxidative stress and has been associated to later childhood cancer. The aim was to study changes in oxidative stress-associated markers in liver and lung tissue of newborn pigs after(More)
The pharmacokinetics of ciprofloxacin, after administration of single oral doses of 100, 250, 500, and 1,000 mg, and an intravenous dose of 100 mg, were determined in 12 healthy volunteers (six women and six men). Serum concentrations were determined by high-pressure liquid chromatography, and urine samples were assayed microbiologically. The peak serum(More)
BACKGROUND Perinatal asphyxia is a major concern in perinatal medicine. Resuscitation and ways to prevent and minimize adverse outcomes after perinatal asphyxia are subject to extensive research. OBJECTIVES In this study we hypothesized that, prior to hypoxia, intravenously administered nicotine might have an effect on how newborn piglets tolerate(More)
In this review oxygenation and hyperoxic injury of newborn infants are described through molecular and genetic levels. Protection and repair mechanisms that may be important for a new understanding of oxidative stress in the newborn are discussed. The research summarized in this article represents a basis for the reduced oxygen supplementation and oxidative(More)
Oxygen is an essential element of aerobic life, and oxidative metabolism represents a principal source of energy. Nevertheless, oxygen may also be toxic and mutagenic with the potential to cause damage through the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). ROS generation can be considered a double-edged sword. Beneficial effects of ROS occur at moderate(More)