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Functional nuclei and mitotic spindles are shown to assemble around DNA-coated beads incubated in Xenopus egg extracts. Bipolar spindles assemble in the absence of centrosomes and kinetochores, indicating that bipolarity is an intrinsic property of microtubules assembling around chromatin in a mitotic cytoplasm. Microtubules nucleated at dispersed sites(More)
Microtubules are dynamic polymers that move stochastically between periods of growth and shrinkage, a property known as dynamic instability. Here, to investigate the mechanisms regulating microtubule dynamics in Xenopus egg extracts, we have cloned the complementary DNA encoding the microtubule-associated protein XMAP215 and investigated the function of the(More)
Meiotic and mitotic spindles are required for the even segregation of duplicated chromosomes to the two daughter cells. The mechanism of spindle assembly is not fully understood, but two have been proposed that are not mutually exclusive. The 'search and capture' model suggests that dynamic microtubules become progressively captured and stabilized by the(More)
In the organ of Corti, outer hair cells (OHCs) are sensory effectors responsible for the high sensitivity and sharp tuning of the cochlea. Whilst the distribution and organization of actin and tubulin in adult OHCs have been extensively studied, less is known about developing OHCs. In this study we use a quantitative cytometric approach on rat isolated OHCs(More)
Most vacuolar proteins are synthesized on rough endoplasmic reticulum as proprotein precursors and then transported to the vacuoles, where they are converted into their respective mature forms by vacuolar processing enzymes (VPEs). In the case of the seed storage proteins, this process is of major importance, as it conditions the establishment of vigorous(More)
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