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Atmospheric inputs of iron to the open ocean are hypothesized to modulate ocean biogeochemistry. This review presents an integration of available observations of atmospheric iron and iron deposition, and also covers bioavailable iron distributions. Methods for estimating temporal variability in ocean deposition over the recent past are reviewed. Desert dust(More)
The present study aims to document historical mining and smelting activities by means of geochemical and pollen analyses performed in a peat bog core collected around the Bibracte oppidum (Morvan, France), the largest settlement of the great Aeduan Celtic tribe (ca. 180 B.C. to 25 A.D.). The anthropogenic Pb profile indicates local mining operations(More)
In the protected area of the Cévennes National Park (Southern France), 114 wild brown trout (Salmo trutta fario) were captured at six locations affected to different extents by historical mining and metallurgy dating from the Iron Age to Modern Times. Cadmium and lead in trout livers and muscles reflect high sediment contamination, although an age-related(More)
An open flow reactor is used to simulate the dissolution process of mineral aerosol particles in atmospheric water droplets. Data on dissolution kinetic and solubility are provided for the major trace metals from two kinds of matrix: alumino-silicated and carbonaceous sample. The results emphasise that the metals contained in the carbonaceous aerosols are(More)
BACKGROUND Targeting nanoobjects via the iron-acquisition pathway is always reported slower than the transferrin/receptor endocytosis. Is there a remedy? METHODS Maghemite superparamagnetic and theragnostic nanoparticles (diameter 8.6nm) were synthesized, coated with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (NP) and coupled to four holotransferrin (TFe2) by amide(More)
Conventional figures of merit such as limits of detection, signal to background ratio or repeatability, are used to determine the performance of pneumatic and ultrasonic sample introduction systems in an ultra-clean environment with an axially viewed inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry and multichannel detection. We observed that the(More)
The Sulcis-Iglesiente district (SW Sardinia, Italy) is one of the oldest and most important polymetallic mining areas in Italy. Large outcrops of sulfide and oxide ores, as well as the products of the long-lasting mining activity, are present throughout the district releasing significant quantities of metals and metalloids into the surrounding environment.(More)
This study evaluates the response of the gastric mucosa to pentagastrin in a group (HAG) of 17 andean subjects compared to a similar group of 17 subjects at sea level (LAG). Both groups had normal fundic, body and antrum mucosa as demonstrated by endoscopic and histological means. Each group underwent two assays, the first one with a dose of 6 micrograms/kg(More)
According to current concepts, it is not feasible to associate achlorhydria with normal gastric mucosa. We have found in a group of high altitude dwellers, that it is possible to associate achlorhydria with normal gastric mucosa verified by endoscopic and histological studies. In this case, basal achlorhydria is associated with resistance to histamine(More)
The aim of this study is to estimate the long-term behaviour of trace metals, in two soils differently impacted by past mining. Topsoils from two 1 km(2) zones in the forested Morvan massif (France) were sampled to assess the spatial distribution of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn. The first zone had been contaminated by historical mining. As expected, it exhibits higher(More)