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A total of 60 simulated root canals in clear resin blocks of various lengths and degree of curvature were prepared by hand with K-files using a step-back enlargement technique. The instruments were manipulated exclusively with a simple in/out filing or rasping motion with no attempt at rotation or twisting. The preparation technique was assessed by(More)
A total of 300 simulated root canals of various angles and positions of curvature in clear resin blocks were prepared by hand using either K-files, K-Flex files, Flexofiles, Flex-R files, Hedstrom files or Unifiles. Each file type was used to prepare 50 canals employing a linear filing motion and an anticurvature stepback technique. Part 2 of this two-part(More)
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