Rémi Cheynier

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Simian immunodeficiency viruses have been isolated from four species of monkey, the 'captive' macaque and mangabey and the 'feral' African green monkey and mandrill. While none of these viruses is a replica of HIV-1, the macaque and mangabey viruses represent correct genetic models for HIV-2, possessing exactly the same complement of genes. Recently a(More)
The tremendous dynamics of HIV infection finds expression in the tempo of sequence diversification. Genetic diversity calculations require the clearance of a majority of infected cells, the obvious predator being anti-HIV immune responses. Indeed, infiltration of germinal centers (GCs) by HIV-specific CD8(+) cytotoxic T lymphocytes has been described. A(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) replication and T cell proliferation were investigated in situ by a PCR-based analysis of individual microdissected splenic white pulps. Founder effects, revealed by an exquisite compartmentalization of HIV genotypes and T cells, indicated the recruitment of latently infected CD4+ T cells through highly localized antigen(More)
We characterized the localization, phenotype, and some functions of plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) in the human spleen. pDCs were localized in the marginal zone and the periarteriolar region. Some were also found in the red pulp. pDCs were immature by phenotypic labeling, consistently with their capacity to internalize Dextran in a functional assay. In(More)
A genetic study has been made of the HIV tat gene from sequential HIV-1 isolates and the corresponding infected peripheral blood mononuclear cells. DNA was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and cloned into a eukaryotic expression vector. Twenty clones were sequenced from each sample. Comparing the sequential HIV isolates, abrupt differences were(More)
Long-term cultures were established of HTLV-III-infected T4 cells from patients with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and of T4 cells from normal donors after infection of the cells in vitro. By initially reducing the number of cells per milliliter of culture medium it was possible to grow the infected cells for 50 to 60 days. As with(More)
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) leads to a prolonged state of immunodeficiency characterized by low peripheral naive T-cell counts. To identify the mechanisms leading to this defect we quantitatively and qualitatively analyzed thymic function through quantification of T-cell receptor excision circle (TREC) frequencies (both the(More)
Analysis of immune reconstitution is of major importance in clinical settings such as following bone marrow transplantation or during anti-retroviral treatment of HIV-infected patients. In these patients, thymic function is essential for the reconstitution of a diversified T-cell receptor (TCR) repertoire. During thymopoiesis, several genetic rearrangements(More)
Two of the first human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) strains isolated were authenticated by reanalyzing original cultured samples stored at the Collection Nationale de Culture des Microorganismes as well as uncultured primary material. Cloned polymerase chain reaction products were used to analyze coding sequences of the V3 loop in the gp120(More)
OBJECTIVE To define changes in phenotype and functional responses of reconstituting T cells in patients with aggressive multiple sclerosis (MS) treated with ablative chemotherapy and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). METHODS Clinical and brain magnetic resonance imaging measures of disease activity were monitored serially in(More)