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We introduce a method to experimentally measure the monochromatic transmission matrix of a complex medium in optics. This method is based on a spatial phase modulator together with a full-field interferometric measurement on a camera. We determine the transmission matrix of a thick random scattering sample. We show that this matrix exhibits statistical(More)
In standard near-field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM), a subwavelength probe acts as an optical 'stethoscope' to map the near field produced at the sample surface by external illumination. This technique has been applied using visible, infrared, terahertz and gigahertz radiation to illuminate the sample, providing a resolution well beyond the(More)
A thermal light-emitting source, such as a black body or the incandescent filament of a light bulb, is often presented as a typical example of an incoherent source and is in marked contrast to a laser. Whereas a laser is highly monochromatic and very directional, a thermal source has a broad spectrum and is usually quasi-isotropic. However, as is the case(More)
Quantitative measurements of diffuse media, in spectroscopic or imaging mode, rely on the generation of appropriate forward solutions, independently of the inversion scheme employed. For complex boundaries, the use of numerical methods is generally preferred due to implementation simplicity, but usually results in great computational needs, especially in(More)
We revisit the definition of the diffusion coefficient for light transport in scattering and absorbing media. From an asymptotic analysis of the transport equation, we present a novel derivation of the diffusion coefficient, which is restricted neither to low absorption nor to a situation in which the specific intensity is quasi-isotropic. Our result agrees(More)
We present a unified derivation of the photon diffusion coefficient for both steady-state and time-dependent transport in disordered absorbing media. The derivation is based on a modal analysis of the time-dependent radiative transfer equation. This approach confirms that the dynamic diffusion coefficient is given by the random-walk result D = cl(*)/3,(More)
Radiative corrections to the polarizability tensor of isotropic particles are fundamental to understand the energy balance between absorption and scattering processes. Equivalent radiative corrections for anisotropic particles are not well known. Assuming that the polarization within the particle is uniform, we derived a closed-form expression for the(More)
Arrays of transparent dielectric nanorods are shown to produce very large local field enhancements at specific resonant conditions. These structures would lead to enhancement of molecular fluorescence signals without quenching. The resonant angular width and field enhancements are analytically derived as a function of wavelength, grating period, rod radius,(More)
We extend the theory of diffusing-wave spectroscopy using a random-walk approach and a numerical solution of the radiative transfer equation. The theory is not restricted to the diffusive regime and allows one to describe the crossover between the single-scattering and the diffusive regimes, which has been observed experimentally. It also predicts a lower(More)
We measure the statistical distribution of the local density of optical states (LDOS) on disordered semicontinuous metal films. We show that LDOS fluctuations exhibit a maximum in a regime where fractal clusters dominate the film surface. These large fluctuations are a signature of surface-plasmon localization on the nanometer scale.