Régis Pépin

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We describe here a two step procedure which allows the easy isolation of somatic embryos from Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) hypocotyl tissues. Thin cell layers composed of the epidermis plus 3 to 6 parenchyma cell layers were incubated for 5 days in a basal Murashige and Skoog medium using an auxin to cytokinin weight ratio of 1/1. The epidermis layers(More)
Polyethylene glycol-mediated transformation of protoplasts was used as a method for insertional mutagenesis to obtain mutants of the ectomycorrhizal fungus Hebeloma cylindrosporum impaired in symbiotic ability. Following restriction enzyme-mediated integration or conventional plasmid insertion, a library of 1,725 hygromycin-resistant monokaryotic(More)
The in vitro mating ability of Candida lusitaniae (teleomorph Clavispora lusitaniae) clinical isolates has been investigated. Studying the effects of culture conditions, we showed that ammonium ion depletion in the medium is a major trigger of the sexual cycle. Moreover, a solid support is required for mating, suggesting a role for adhesion factors in(More)
Although the function of the extramatrical mycelium of ectomycorrhizal fungi is considered essential for the acquisition of nitrogen by forest trees, gene regulation in this fungal compartment is poorly characterized. In this study, the expression of the nitrate transporter gene nrt2 from the ectomycorrhizal basidiomycete Hebeloma cylindrosporum was shown(More)
Phenylacetic hopanetetrol is a Frankia specific lipid present in vesicles. Phenylacetic acid (PAA) is known as an auxinomimetic, exhibiting the same effect on plant growth as indole acetic acid (IAA). We hypothesize that PAA, only bound by an ester link to the hopanetetrol basic unit, would be easily released and could thus play a role in nodule formation.(More)
Two major types of Frankia strains are usually recognized, based on the ability to sporulate in-planta: spore-positive (Sp+) and spore-negative (Sp-). We carried out a study of Sp+ and Sp- Frankia strains based on nodules collected on Alnus glutinosa, Alnus incana and Alnus viridis. The nodules were phenotyped using improved histology methods, and(More)
Des rhizomes d'Anemone nemorosa infectés par Sclerotinia tuberosa ont été trouvés dans le sol. Ils ont été étudiés macroscopiquement, en microscopie photonique et en microscopie électronique à balayage. Des infections artificielles ont été réalisées in vitro. Un manchon mycélien entoure le rhizome, et des coussinets d'infection se forment au contact de la(More)
The methods that consist in growing fungal mycelia on cellophane sheets, in order to get longitudinal sections for electron microscopy, show some insufficiencies. It is possible to use a derived procedure from Kühner's method of culture under a collodion film. This can be done by growing the mycelium in a drop of nutrient broth, squashed between two(More)
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