Régis F. Moreau

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Alpha-lipoic acid (LA) has become a common ingredient in multivitamin formulas, anti-aging supplements, and even pet food. It is well-defined as a therapy for preventing diabetic polyneuropathies, and scavenges free radicals, chelates metals, and restores intracellular glutathione levels which otherwise decline with age. How do the biochemical properties of(More)
Mitochondrial decay has been postulated to be a significant underlying part of the aging process. Decline in mitochondrial function may lead to cellular energy deficits, especially in times of greater energy demand, and compromise vital ATP-dependent cellular operations, including detoxification, repair systems, DNA replication, and osmotic balance.(More)
Elevated blood triacylglycerol (TG) is a significant contributing factor to the current epidemic of obesity-related health disorders, including type-2 diabetes, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and cardiovascular disease. The observation that mice lacking the enzyme sn-glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase are protected from insulin resistance suggests the(More)
Accumulation of divalent metal ions (e.g. iron and copper) has been proposed to contribute to heightened oxidative stress evident in aging and neurodegenerative disorders. To understand the extent of iron accumulation and its effect on antioxidant status, we monitored iron content in the cerebral cortex of F344 rats by inductively coupled plasma atomic(More)
The chemical reduction and oxidation (redox) properties of alpha-lipoic acid (LA) suggest that it may have potent antioxidant potential. A significant number of studies now show that LA and its reduced form, dihydrolipoic acid (DHLA), directly scavenge reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) species and protect cells against a host(More)
During the larval development of Pieris brassicae, photoperiod status induces either direct (non-diapausing) development or diapausing development. Biogenic amines such as dopamine and serotonin and their derivatives may be implicated in the physiological control and adaptation of these insects to different photoperiods. High performance liquid(More)
To determine the effects of age and lipoic acid supplementation on hepatic gene expression, we fed young (3 mo) and old (24 mo) male Fischer 344 rats a diet with or without 0.2% (wt/wt) R-α-lipoic acid (LA) for 2 wk. Total RNA isolated from liver tissue was analyzed by Affymetrix microarray to examine changes in transcriptional profiles. Results showed(More)
In vitro hormonally induced variations of glucose catabolism in mealworm fat body tissue were examined by a microradiorespirometric method. An insulin-like peptide (ILP) extracted from the midgut of last larval instar mealworm larvae significantly modified glucose catabolism and was dependent on energy metabolism and on the Ca2+ concentration in the culture(More)
4-hydroxynonenal (HNE), a product of omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid peroxidation, impairs mitochondrial respiration in vitro by adducting the alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex (KGDC) and inhibiting its activity. The present study seeks to define whether aging increases HNE adduction to rat heart KGDC, and whether such adduction impacts KGDC(More)
Gulonolactone oxidase (GLO) is the enzyme responsible for the last step of ascorbic acid biosynthesis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of dietary alpha-tocopherol and ascorbic acid on GLO activity in a lower vertebrate, the white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus). Both alpha-tocopherol and ascorbic acid modulated renal GLO activity. The(More)