Régis Coutant

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We analyzed the final height of 146 short children with either nonacquired GH deficiency or idiopathic short stature. Our purpose was 1) to assess growth according to the pituitary magnetic resonance imaging findings in the 63 GH-treated children with GH deficiency and 2) to compare the growth of the GH-deficient patients with normal magnetic resonance(More)
We report here our prospective study of 15,224 non-diabetic, first-degree relatives of probands with immune-mediated (type 1) diabetes (IMD), of which 135 were found to eventually develop diabetes. We determined islet cell, insulin, GAD65, insulinoma-associated antigen-2 and 2beta autoantibodies (ICA, IAA, GAD65A, IA-2A and IA-2betaA), on the first(More)
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is often associated with a decrease in placental function, which might lead to intrauterine growth retardation. Because tobacco is known to alter the mitochondrial respiratory function in cardiomyocytes and lung tissue, we hypothesized that placental mitochondrial function could be altered by maternal smoking. Placental(More)
The value of managing children with type 1 diabetes using a combination of insulin pump and continuous glucose monitoring starting from diagnosis for improving subsequent glycaemic control and preserving residual beta cell function was determined. A total of 160 children (aged 1–16 years, mean ± SD: 8.7 ± 4.4 years; 47.5% girls) were randomised to receive(More)
BACKGROUND The 65-kD isoform of glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD65) is a major autoantigen in type 1 diabetes. We hypothesized that alum-formulated GAD65 (GAD-alum) can preserve beta-cell function in patients with recent-onset type 1 diabetes. METHODS We studied 334 patients, 10 to 20 years of age, with type 1 diabetes, fasting C-peptide levels of more(More)
Heterozygous activating mutations in the gene encoding for the ATP-sensitive potassium channel subunit Kir6.2 (KCNJ11) have recently been shown to be a common cause of permanent neonatal diabetes. Kir6.2 is expressed in muscle, neuron and brain as well as the pancreatic beta-cell, so patients with KCNJ11 mutations could have a neurological phenotype in(More)
CONTEXT The clinical and biological features of Sertoli cell and Leydig cell dysfunction are usually investigated when characterizing disorders of sex development in 46,XY individuals: This allows gonadal dysgenesis, a defective development of the gonad, to be distinguished from defects restricted to androgen synthesis or sensitivity. In humans, mutations(More)
We analysed retrospectively 11 children with renal granulomatous sarcoidosis confirmed by renal histology in order to describe the course and prognosis of the disease. Symptomatic sarcoidosis was diagnosed at a mean age of 10.1 years. Nine children had renal involvement at the time of diagnosis. In the course of the disease, nine patients developed renal(More)
We report an unusual observation of a 3.8-yr-old boy with McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS) associated with abnormal prepubertal testis enlargement and no sexual precocity. Physical examination showed café-au-lait skin lesions, enlarged testes, prepubertal sized penis, and no pubic or axillary hair. Skeletal radiography disclosed fibrous dysplasia. The serum(More)
GnRH agonists have been proposed to improve final height in patients with constitutional short stature. We treated 31 girls, aged 11.9 +/- 1 yr (mean +/- SD), with short stature, recent pubertal onset and predicted final height of 155 cm or less with depot triptorelin. During the 23 +/- 4 months of treatment, bone age progression was 0.6 +/- 0.3 bone age(More)