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We analyzed the final height of 146 short children with either nonacquired GH deficiency or idiopathic short stature. Our purpose was 1) to assess growth according to the pituitary magnetic resonance imaging findings in the 63 GH-treated children with GH deficiency and 2) to compare the growth of the GH-deficient patients with normal magnetic resonance(More)
GnRH agonists have been proposed to improve final height in patients with constitutional short stature. We treated 31 girls, aged 11.9 +/- 1 yr (mean +/- SD), with short stature, recent pubertal onset and predicted final height of 155 cm or less with depot triptorelin. During the 23 +/- 4 months of treatment, bone age progression was 0.6 +/- 0.3 bone age(More)
BACKGROUND The 65-kD isoform of glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD65) is a major autoantigen in type 1 diabetes. We hypothesized that alum-formulated GAD65 (GAD-alum) can preserve beta-cell function in patients with recent-onset type 1 diabetes. METHODS We studied 334 patients, 10 to 20 years of age, with type 1 diabetes, fasting C-peptide levels of more(More)
CONTEXT The clinical and biological features of Sertoli cell and Leydig cell dysfunction are usually investigated when characterizing disorders of sex development in 46,XY individuals: This allows gonadal dysgenesis, a defective development of the gonad, to be distinguished from defects restricted to androgen synthesis or sensitivity. In humans, mutations(More)
Heterozygous germline mutations of the hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF)-1 alpha are associated with maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY)3. Recently, the biallelic inactivation of the HNF-1 alpha gene was reported in liver adenomas. We show the occurrence of liver adenomatosis in six MODY3-affected patients from two unrelated and large families. Liver(More)
We report here our prospective study of 15,224 non-diabetic, first-degree relatives of probands with immune-mediated (type 1) diabetes (IMD), of which 135 were found to eventually develop diabetes. We determined islet cell, insulin, GAD65, insulinoma-associated antigen-2 and 2beta autoantibodies (ICA, IAA, GAD65A, IA-2A and IA-2betaA), on the first(More)
Measurement of 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) from filter-paper blood is widely used to screen for congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). However, in pregnancies with an expected preterm delivery, prenatal treatment with steroids to induce pulmonary maturation could suppress the fetal adrenals and interfere with this screening. In 160 infants who were born(More)
OBJECTIVE Growth hormone secretion is decreased in obese subjects, and their GH response to stimulation tests is blunted. The mechanisms relating excess adipose mass and GH secretion are unknown. We hypothesized that leptin might be a signal linking adipose mass to GH secretion. DESIGN We measured serum leptin levels and the GH response to stimulation(More)
Heterozygous activating mutations in the gene encoding for the ATP-sensitive potassium channel subunit Kir6.2 (KCNJ11) have recently been shown to be a common cause of permanent neonatal diabetes. Kir6.2 is expressed in muscle, neuron and brain as well as the pancreatic beta-cell, so patients with KCNJ11 mutations could have a neurological phenotype in(More)
The quinoline-3-carboxamide, linomide, protects non-obese diabetic mice from diabetes. The effects of linomide on insulin needs and beta cell function were studied in recent juvenile Type I diabetes in a double-blind trial. Patients with recent onset diabetes were randomly assigned to treatment with a fixed dose of 2.5 mg linomide (42 patients) or placebo(More)