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The alpha(2B)-adrenoceptor (alpha(2B)-AR) mediates vasoconstriction and a common polymorphism (+901 Ins/Del), located in the coding region of the human alpha(2B)-AR gene (ADRA2B), has been demonstrated to affect receptor function in vitro. In this study, we have identified a novel polymorphism corresponding to the insertion of 12-nucleotides (GGGACGGCCCTG)(More)
Mice deficient for the homeobox gene Six1 display defects in limb muscles consistent with the Six1 expression in myogenic cells. In addition to its myogenic expression domain, Six1 has been described as being located in digit tendons and as being associated with connective tissue patterning in mouse limbs. With the aim of determining a possible involvement(More)
Atherogenesis begins with the transfer of monocytes from the lumen to the intimal layer of arteries. The paracrine activity acquired by these monocytes shifts vascular smooth muscle cells from a contractile-quiescent to a secretory-proliferative phenotype, allowing them to survive and migrate in the intima. Transformed and relocated, they also start to(More)
Several studies have shown that the accumulation of β-amyloid peptides in the brain parenchyma or vessel wall generates an inflammatory environment. Some even suggest that there is a cause-and-effect relationship between inflammation and the development of Alzheimer's disease and/or cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA). Here, we studied the ability of(More)
Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) trans-differentiation, or their switch from a contractile/quiescent to a secretory/inflammatory/migratory state, is known to play an important role in pathological vascular remodeling including atherosclerosis and postangioplasty restenosis. Several reports have established the Notch pathway as tightly regulating VSMC(More)
OBJECTIVE To demonstrate the activation of the Notch signaling pathway during changes in the phenotype of chondrocytes in vitro, and to assess the influence of Notch on the production of chondrocyte markers. METHODS Serial monolayer primary cultures of murine articular chondrocytes (MACs), as a model of chondrocyte dedifferentiation, were prepared. MACs(More)
UNLABELLED The sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca(2+)ATPases (SERCA) system, a key regulator of calcium cycling and signaling, is composed of several isoforms. We aimed to characterize the expression of SERCA isoforms in mouse cardiovascular tissues and their modulation in cardiovascular pathologies (heart failure and/or atherosclerosis). Five isoforms(More)
Coronary artery disease represents the leading cause of mortality in the developed world. Percutaneous coronary intervention involving stent placement remains disadvantaged by restenosis or thrombosis. Vascular gene therapy-based methods may be approached, but lack a vascular gene delivery vector. We report a safe and efficient long-term transduction of rat(More)
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is an important cause of intracerebral hemorrhages in the elderly, characterized by amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide accumulating in central nervous system blood vessels. Within the vessel walls, Aβ-peptide deposits [composed mainly of wild-type (WT) Aβ(1-40) peptide in sporadic forms] induce impaired adhesion of vascular smooth(More)
The cerebral arterial circle (circulus arteriosus cerebri) or circle of Willis (CoW) is a circulatory anastomosis surrounding the optic chiasma and hypothalamus that supplies blood to the brain and surrounding structures. It has been implicated in several cerebrovascular disorders, including cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA)-associated vasculopathies,(More)