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Some coagulase negative staphylococci (CNS) species play an important role in the fermentation of meat and milk products and are considered as food-grade. However, the increasing clinical significance of CNS and the presence of undesirable and unsafe properties in CNS question their presence or use in food. Our goal was to assess the safety of CNS by(More)
In this study, the biodiversity of Coagulase-Negative Staphylococci (CNS) strains isolated in France from cheese related samples (227 isolates) and dry sausage related samples (204 isolates) was compared to the biodiversity of 297 clinical isolates. Species identification was performed using different molecular methods (specific PCR, "Staph array"(More)
A series of 94 strains of lactic acid bacteria and Micrococcaceae were tested for their ability to decarboxylate histidine and tyrosine in a laboratory medium. Histamine and tyramine were quantified by using a fluorimetric and a HPLC method. There was no significant difference between the results obtained with either method. Among the strains tested, only(More)
This study aimed at investigating bactericide solutions effective on spoilage and pathogenic bacteria while preserving technological bacteria. Two compounds of essential oil (thymol and eugenol), one essential oil of Satureja thymbra and two industrial biocides (PE 270-30, Brillo) were tested on technological strains (Staphylococcus equorum, Staphylococcus(More)
Lactobacillus sakei is a lactic acid bacterium mainly found in meat and meat products. In order to understand the factors favoring its adaptation to meat matrix, growth parameters and survival of the strain L. sakei 23K in the presence of sarcoplasmic or myofibrillar extracts were assessed. Cytosolic proteins putatively involved in the response of this(More)
Any bacterial strain to be used as starter culture should have suitable characteristics, including a lack of amino acid decarboxylase activity. In this study, the decarboxylase activity of 76 bacterial strains, including lactic acid bacteria and gram-positive, catalase-positive cocci, was investigated. These strains were previously isolated from European(More)
AIMS To develop a multiplex PCR that allows the identification of bacteria belonging to the Staphylococcus genus and in particular to the species Staphylococcus xylosus, S. saprophyticus, S. epidermidis and S. aureus isolated from food manufacturing plants. METHODS AND RESULTS Five primer pairs were used in the multiplex PCR, one specific to the(More)
The ability of 12 Staphylococcus xylosus strains to form biofilm was determined through the study of different criteria. Eleven out of the 12 strains were able to form biofilm, 10 preferentially on hydrophilic support (glass) and one, S. xylosus C2a, on both hydrophilic and hydrophobic (polystyrene) supports. The determination of bacterial surface(More)
Extracellular proteins are a subject of intense interest because of their essential roles in bacterial lifestyles. However, several terms related to secretion are used confusingly in the literature, and this is a topical issue in genomics and proteomics. Defining a secreted protein as actively translocated via a secretion system, here, we put into(More)
Twenty-seven Staphylococcus strains isolated from food and food environments were assigned to Staphylococcus xylosus by API-Staph system. But only seven isolates had similar patterns to this species when compared to the pulse-field gel electrophoresis patterns of 12 S. xylosus strains. To perform a rapid identification of the S. xylosus species, a random(More)