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Mercuric chloride (HgCl2) induces T helper 2 (Th2) autoreactive anti-class II T cells in Brown Norway rats. These cells produce interleukin (IL)-4 and induce a B cell polyclonal activation that is responsible for autoimmune disease. In Brown Norway rats, HgCl2 triggers early IL-4 mRNA expression both in vivo and in vitro by T cells, which may explain why(More)
Mercury-induced autoimmunity in Brown-Norway rats has been shown previously to be due to polyclonal activation of B lymphocytes, requiring the presence of T lymphocytes. Autoimmunity in that strain is characterised by the appearance of an autoimmune glomerulonephritis, by the production of a host of autoantibodies, and by an increase in total serum IgE. In(More)
Brown-Norway (BN) rats injected with HgCl2 have been previously shown to develop a variety of autoimmune abnormalities. The susceptibility of BN rats is genetically controlled, and Lewis rats bearing a different RT1 haplotype are resistant. It will be shown in the present study that the number of MRC OX-8+ (suppressor/cytotoxic) cells increases in the(More)
Brown Norway (BN) rats given gold salts develop an autoimmune syndrome with an immune complex-type glomerulonephritis in the context of a polyclonal B cell activation that was suspected to be due to the emergence of anti-self major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II T cells. In the present study, six anti-self MHC class II T cell lines have been(More)
Autoreactive anti-MHC class II T cells are found in Brown Norway (BN) and Lewis (LEW) rats that receive either HgCl2 or gold salts. These T cells have a T helper cell 2 (Th2) phenotype in the former strain and are responsible for Th2-mediated autoimmunity. In contrast, T cells that expand in LEW rats produce IL-2 and prevent experimental autoimmune(More)
Brown-Norway (BN) rats injected with HgCl2 develop a systemic autoimmune disease associated with a polyclonal B cell activation, due to autoreactive T cells specific for self-class II molecules, while Lewis (LEW) rats injected with HgCl2 do not exhibit autoimmunity and develop a non-antigen-specific, CD8-mediated immunosuppression assessed by a depression(More)
In anaesthetized rats, the intracisternal injection of clonidine (1 microgram/kg) reduced mean arterial pressure (MAP), increased plasma renin concentration (PRC) while naphazoline (5 microgram/kg) was ineffective. The i.v. administration of clonidine (30 microgram/kg) still lowered MAP, but in this case, the drug decrease PRC, naphazoline (45 microgram/kg,(More)
D-penicillamine (DP) has been previously shown to induce an autoimmune disease in Brown-Norway (BN) rats, characterized by a dermatitis, by the production of antinuclear antibodies, by the formation fo circulating immune complexes, and by linear IgG deposits along the glomerular basement membrane. These manifestations are quite similar to those observed in(More)
The time course of Heymann's nephritis (HN), assessed on proteinuria and immunomorphology, has been compared in Lewis (LEW) rats immunized with BB alone (group A) or injected with HgCl2 and subsequently immunized in a similar manner (group B). Whereas all rats from group A developed typical HN characterized by heavy proteinuria and abundant glomerular(More)
It has been previously shown that autoreactive T cells appear during mercury-induced autoimmunity in Brown-Norway (BN) rats. In the present work, it is shown that: 1) T cells and T helper cells from HgCl2-injected BN rats are able to actively transfer autoimmunity in normal BN rats; the disease transferred is exacerbated when recipients are treated with the(More)