Qutayba A. Hamid

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Chitin is a surface component of parasites and insects, and chitinases are induced in lower life forms during infections with these agents. Although chitin itself does not exist in humans, chitinases are present in the human genome. We show here that acidic mammalian chitinase (AMCase) is induced via a T helper-2 (Th2)-specific, interleukin-13(More)
In order to assess the potential of protein gene product (PGP) 9.5 as a marker of the nervous and neuroendocrine systems, we examined its immunolocation in human, rat and guinea-pig tissues, using a rabbit polyclonal antiserum and two new mouse monoclonal antisera, I3C4 and 3IA3. Our results demonstrate immunoreactive PGP 9.5 in neurons and nerve fibres at(More)
Asthma is on the rise despite intense, ongoing research underscoring the need for new scientific inquiry. In an effort to provide unbiased insight into disease pathogenesis, we took an approach involving expression profiling of lung tissue from mice with experimental asthma. Employing asthma models induced by different allergens and protocols, we identified(More)
Severe or therapy-resistant asthma is increasingly recognised as a major unmet need. A Task Force, supported by the European Respiratory Society and American Thoracic Society, reviewed the definition and provided recommendations and guidelines on the evaluation and treatment of severe asthma in children and adults. A literature review was performed,(More)
BACKGROUND In atopic asthma, activated T helper lymphocytes are present in bronchial-biopsy specimens and bronchoalveolar-lavage (BAL) fluid, and their production of cytokines may be important in the pathogenesis of this disorder. Different patterns of cytokine release are characteristic of certain subgroups of T helper cells, termed TH1 and TH2, the former(More)
Atopic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease associated with cutaneous hyperreactivity to environmental triggers and is often the first step in the atopic march that results in asthma and allergic rhinitis. The clinical phenotype that characterizes atopic dermatitis is the product of interactions between susceptibility genes, the environment,(More)
There are remarkable differences in the diagnostic and therapeutic management of atopic dermatitis practiced by dermatologists and pediatricians in different countries. Therefore, the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology and the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology nominated expert teams who were given the task of finding a(More)
Asthma is characterized by chronic inflammation of the airways in which there is an overabundance of eosinophils, mast cells, and activated T helper lymphocytes. These inflammatory cells release mediators that then trigger bronchoconstriction, mucus secretion, and remodeling. The inflammatory mediators that drive this process include cytokines, chemokines,(More)
The histopathology of bronchial asthma is associated with structural changes within the airways, including subepithelial fibrosis, as well as chronic eosinophilic inflammation. The mechanisms responsible for this tissue remodeling, and in particular the role of inflammatory cells, remain to be established. Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is a(More)
BACKGROUND IL-17 is a cytokine that has been reported to be produced by T lymphocytes. In vitro, IL-17 activates fibro-blasts and macrophages for the secretion of GM-CSF, TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, and IL-6. A number of these cytokines are involved in the airway remodeling that is observed within the lungs of asthmatic individuals. OBJECTIVE In this study, we(More)