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—The IEEE 802.16 standard, also known as WiMAX, defines flexible frame structures to support applications classified into different WiMAX traffic classes. The standard defines two types of scheduling to guarantee the Quality of Service (QoS) requirements of these applications – centralized and distributed. However, the standard does not specify how the(More)
This paper advocates protecting software copyright through hiding watermarks in various hide the watermarks in dummy data structures, e.g., linked lists and graphs that are created, solely for this reason, during the execution of the hosting software. This makes them vulnerable to subtractive attacks, because the attacker can remove the dummy data(More)
Software watermarking is a new research area that aims at providing copyright protection for commercial software. It minimizes software piracy by hiding copyright signatures inside the program code or its runtime state. Prior proposals hide the watermarks in dummy data structures, e.g., linked lists and graphs that are created during the execution of the(More)
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