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The eukaryotic genome is divided into chromosomal domains of distinct gene activities. Transcriptionally silent chromatin tends to encroach upon active chromatin. Barrier elements that can block the spread of silent chromatin have been documented, but the mechanisms of their function are not resolved. We show that the prokaryotic LexA protein can function(More)
A disturbance of energy metabolism reduces cardiac function in acute severe hemorrhagic patients. Alternatively, adequate energy supply reduces heart failure and increases survival. However, the approach to regulating energy metabolism conductive to vital organs is limited, and the underlying molecular mechanism remains unknown. This study assesses the(More)
Barrier elements that are able to block the propagation of transcriptional silencing in yeast are functionally similar to chromatin boundary/insulator elements in metazoans that delimit functional chromosomal domains. We show that the upstream activating sequences of many highly expressed ribosome protein genes and glycolytic genes exhibit barrier activity.(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae Esc2p is a member of a conserved family of proteins that contain small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO)-like domains. It has been implicated in transcriptional silencing and shown to interact with the silencing protein Sir2p in a two-hybrid analysis. However, little is known about how Esc2p regulates the structure of silent chromatin.(More)
In this paper, we introduced a novel and simple methods of extracting the general features of two surface EMG signal patterns: forearm supination (FS) and forearm pronation (FP) surface EMG signals. The surface EMG signal was divided into two segments appropriately at the preparation stage and the action stages. Relative wavelet packet energy (RWPE,(More)
Pagrosomus major larvae were exposed to the water-soluble fraction of hydrocarbon in No.0 diesel oil (corresponding to No.2 fuel oil) at concentrations of 0, 0.17, 1.22 and 8.82 mg/L for up to 15 days. Larvae were sampled on days 9 and 15 of the experiment. Supernatants of viscera tissue extractions were assayed for biochemical response in terms of(More)
PURPOSE To determine the possibility of synergistic antileukemic activity and the underlying molecular mechanisms associated with cytarabine combined with valproic acid (VPA; a histone deacetylase inhibitor and a Food and Drug Administration-licensed drug for treating both children and adults with epilepsy) in pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML). (More)
Heparin has been widely investigated in medicine and biomedical applications as an anticoagulant. This paper described a covalent modification of poly (lactic acid) (PLA) films with heparin-carrying microcapsules. The heparin-carrying microcapsules were achieved by layer-by-layer (LbL) self-assembly technology by which poly (allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH)(More)
Well-run screening programs for cervical cancer in the population at risk have been shown to result in a sharp decrease in the incidence and mortality of cervical cancer in a number of large populations. Expression patterns of a recently identified biomarker family, microRNA, appear to be characteristic of tumor type and developmental origin. Several tumors(More)
In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, silencers flanking the HML and HMR loci consist of various combinations of binding sites for Abf1p, Rap1p, and the origin recognition complex (ORC) that serve to recruit the Sir silencing complex, thereby initiating the establishment of transcriptionally silent chromatin. There have been seemingly conflicting reports concerning(More)