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Many pathogenic bacteria that infect humans, animals and plants rely on a quorum-sensing (QS) system to produce virulence factors. N-Acyl homoserine lactones (AHLs) are the best-characterized cell-cell communication signals in QS. The concentration of AHL plays a key role in regulating the virulence-gene expression and essential biological functions of(More)
The human light chain of the motor protein dynein, Dnlc2A, is also a novel TGF-beta-signaling component, which is altered with high frequency in epithelial ovarian cancer. It is an important mediator of dynein and the development of cancer, owing to its ability to bind to the dynein intermediate light chain (DIC) IC74 and to regulate TGF-beta-dependent(More)
Type I DNA methyltransferases contain one specificity subunit (HsdS) and two modification subunits (HsdM). The electron microscopy model of M.EcoKI-M₂S₁ methyltransferase shows a reasonable closed state of this clamp-like enzyme, but the structure of the open state is still unclear. The 1.95 Å crystal structure of the specificity subunit from(More)
RecR is an important recombination mediator protein in the RecFOR pathway. RecR together with RecO and RecF facilitates RecA nucleoprotein filament formation and homologous pairing. Structural and biochemical studies of Thermoanaerobacter tengcongensis RecR (TTERecR) and its series mutants revealed that TTERecR uses the N-N dimer as a basic functional unit(More)
Pectates lyase (Pel) plays an important role in bacteria pathogenicity. The crystal structure of Pel from Acidovorax citrulli (AcPel) has been solved to 1.37 Å resolution. AcPel belongs to the polysaccharide lyase family 1 (PL1), which has a characteristic right-handed β-helix fold. AcPel is similar with other Pels in the PL1 family, but also shows some(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY The Ras-related tumour suppressor gene aplasia Ras homolog member I (ARHI) is downregulated in many types of cancer, including ovarian cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma. In the present study, we explore the expression level and role of ARHI in colon cancer. Moreover, the mechanisms that down-regulate expression of ARHI in colon cancer(More)
Zinc finger motif widely exists in protein structure, which can play different roles in different proteins. RecR is an important recombination mediator protein (RMP) in the RecFOR pathway and zinc finger motif is the most conserved domain in RecR protein. However, the function of this zinc finger motif in RecR is unclear. Here, we have studied the(More)
The Mre11 complex comprising meiotic recombination 11 (Mre11), Rad50 and Nijmegen breakage syndrome 1 (Nbs1) plays multiple important roles in the sensing, processing and repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). Here, crystal structures of the Escherichia coli Mre11 homologue SbcD and its Mn2+ complex are reported. Dimerization of SbcD depends on a(More)
Type I restriction-modification (R-M) systems are multisubunit enzymes with separate DNA-recognition (S), methylation (M), and restriction (R) subunits. Despite extensive studies spanning five decades, the detailed molecular mechanisms underlying subunit assembly and conformational transition are still unclear due to the lack of high-resolution structural(More)
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