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One of the dominant effects of glucocorticoids in triggering parturition in certain animal species is to drive the placental conversion of progesterone to estrogen. However, in the human placenta, estrogen is formed using dehydroepiandrosterone from the fetal adrenal glands rather than progesterone as precursor. Although aromatization of(More)
Anti-angiogenesis treatment has been a promising new form of cancer therapy. Endothelial cells are critical for vascular homeostasis and play important roles in angiogenesis, vascular and tissue remodeling. Vasostatin, the 180 amino acid N-terminal fragment of the calreticulin protein, is reported to be a potent endogenous inhibitor of angiogenesis,(More)
CONTEXT Fetal overexposure to glucocorticoids leads to growth restriction. Optimal fetal glucocorticoid level is ensured by the expression of cortisol-inactivating enzyme 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (11β-HSD2) in placental syncytiotrophoblasts. The transcription factor selective promoter factor 1 (Sp1) is known to up-regulate 11β-HSD2 expression(More)
Serum amyloid A1 (SAA1) is an acute response protein, which is mainly produced by the liver, during infection. However, it remains unknown whether SAA1 can be produced in human fetal membranes where it is able to elicit events pertinent to labor initiation. We demonstrated that SAA1 was expressed in the fibroblasts and epithelium of the amnion and the(More)
Overexposure of the fetus to glucocorticoids in gestation is detrimental to fetal development. The passage of maternal glucocorticoids into the fetal circulation is governed by 11beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase Type 2 (HSD11B2) in the placental syncytiotrophoblasts. Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) plays an important role in maintaining placental(More)
The underlying mechanism leading to rupture of the membranes at parturition is not fully understood. Lysyl oxidase (LOX) cross-links collagen fibrils thereby increasing the tensile strength of the membranes. Thus, understanding the regulation of LOX expression may be of crucial importance for elucidation of the process of rupture of the fetal membranes.(More)
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