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This paper presents evidence that a member of the L1 family of ankyrin-binding cell adhesion molecules is a substrate for protein tyrosine kinase(s) and phosphatase(s), identifies the highly conserved FIGQY tyrosine in the cytoplasmic domain as the principal site of phosphorylation, and demonstrates that phosphorylation of the FIGQY tyrosine abolishes(More)
1 Endothelin-1 (ET-1), an endothelium-derived vasoactive peptide, participates in the regulation of endothelial function through mechanisms that are not fully elucidated. This study examined the impact of ET-1 on oxidative stress, apoptosis and cell proliferation in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). HUVECs were challenged for 24 h with ET-1(More)
We have mutated a single residue, Thr373 [corrected], in the C-terminal portion of the third intracellular loop of the alpha 2C10-adrenergic receptor into five different amino acids. In analogy with the effect of similar mutations in the alpha 1B- and beta 2-adrenergic receptors, these substitutions resulted in two major biochemical modifications: 1)(More)
The mammalian kidney is organized into a cortex where primary filtration occurs, and a medullary region composed of elongated tubular epithelia where urine is concentrated. We show that the cortico-medullary axis of kidney organization and function is regulated by Wnt7b signaling. The future collecting duct network specifically expresses Wnt7b. In the(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a large and growing class of small, non-coding, regulatory RNAs that control gene expression predominantly at the post-transcriptional level. The production of most functional miRNAs depends on the enzymatic activity of Dicer, an RNase III class enzyme. To address the potential action of Dicer-dependent miRNAs in mammalian kidney(More)
Nephrons comprise a blood filter and an epithelial tubule that is subdivided into proximal and distal segments, but what directs this patterning during kidney organogenesis is not well understood. Using zebrafish, we found that the HNF1β paralogues hnf1ba and hnf1bb, which encode homeodomain transcription factors, are essential for normal segmentation of(More)
We investigated the ability of GM1 to induce phosphorylation of the tyrosine kinase receptor for neurotrophins, Trk, in rat brain, and activation of possible down-stream signaling cascades. GM1 increased phosphorylated Trk (pTrk) in slices of striatum, hippocampus and frontal cortex in a concentration- and time-dependent manner, and enhanced the activity of(More)
Budding yeast PDS5 is an essential gene in mitosis and is required for chromosome condensation and sister chromatid cohesion. Here we report that PDS also is required in meiosis. Pds5p localizes on chromosomes at all stages during meiotic cycle, except anaphase I. PDS5 plays an important role at first meiotic prophase. Failure in function of PDS5 causes(More)
Lengthy developmental programs generate cell diversity within an organotypic framework, enabling the later physiological actions of each organ system. Cell identity, cell diversity and cell function are determined by cell type-specific transcriptional programs; consequently, transcriptional regulatory factors are useful markers of emerging cellular(More)
Hyperhomocysteinemia is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, although the mechanism leading to vascular dysfunction is not clear. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of homocysteine (Hcy) on oxidative stress and apoptosis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). HUVECs were challenged for 24 h with Hcy (10 μM-3 mM)(More)