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In Xenopus development, the expression of several maternal mRNAs is regulated by cytoplasmic polyadenylation. CPEB and maskin, two factors that control polyadenylation-induced translation are present on the mitotic apparatus of animal pole blastomeres in embryos. Cyclin B1 protein and mRNA, whose translation is regulated by polyadenylation, are colocalized(More)
Cytoplasmic polyadenylation stimulates the translation of several dormant mRNAs during oocyte maturation in Xenopus. Polyadenylation is regulated by the cytoplasmic polyadenylation element (CPE), a cis-acting element in the 3'-untranslated region of responding mRNAs, and its associated factor CPEB. CPEB also binds maskin, a protein that in turn interacts(More)
The synthesis and destruction of cyclin B drives mitosis in eukaryotic cells. Cell cycle progression is also regulated at the level of cyclin B translation. In cycling extracts from Xenopus embryos, progression into M phase requires the polyadenylation-induced translation of cyclin B1 mRNA. Polyadenylation is mediated by the phosphorylation of CPEB by(More)
Maskin regulates assembly of the eIF4F translation initiation complex on messenger RNAs that contain cytoplasmic polyadenylation elements (CPEs) in their 3' untranslated regions. Because Maskin and eIF4G contain similar peptide motifs that bind eIF4E, they compete for occupancy of this factor and consequently control translation. One mRNA that is regulated(More)
Several cytoplasmic polyadenylation element (CPE)-containing mRNAs that are repressed in Xenopus oocytes become active during meiotic maturation. A group of factors that are anchored to the CPE are responsible for this repression and activation. Two of the most important are CPEB, which binds directly to the CPE, and Maskin, which associates with CPEB. In(More)
Pumilio 2 (Pum2) interacts with the 3' UTR-containing pumilio binding element (PBE) of RINGO/SPY mRNA to repress translation in Xenopus oocytes. Here, we show that Pum2 also binds directly to the 5' 7mG cap structure; in so doing, it precludes eIF4E from binding the cap. Using deletion analysis, we have mapped the cap interaction domain of Pum2 to the amino(More)
The cytoplasmic polyadenylation element (CPE) binding factor, CPEB, is a sequence-specific RNA binding protein that controls polyadenylation-induced translation in germ cells and at postsynaptic sites of neurons. A yeast two-hybrid screen with a mouse brain cDNA library identified the transmembrane amyloid precursor-like protein 1 (APLP1) as a(More)
Isolation of timeless by PER protein-interaction: defective interaction between timeless protein and long-period mutant PERL. Protein–protein interaction via PAS domains: role of the PAS domain in positive and negative regulation of the bHLH/PAS dioxin receptor–Arnt transcription factor complex. R: Azotobacter vinelandii NIFL is a flavoprotein that(More)
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