Quarraisha Abdool-Karim

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The two top causes of death in women of reproductive age globally are HIV/AIDS and complications related to pregnancy and childbearing, which account for 19% and 15% of all deaths in women aged 15–44 years, respectively. The growing burden of HIV infection in young sexually active women and the maternal health problems that they face have been described as(More)
Women continue to be at special risk for HIV acquisition due to a complex mix of biological, behavioural, structural, cultural and social factors, with unacceptable rates of new infection. Scientific advances over the past decade have highlighted the use of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to prevent HIV acquisition (sexually,(More)
A safe, effective and accessible preventive vaccine is our best long-term hope for the control of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Once the first generation of HIV vaccines are developed, many questions remain unanswered regarding their administration. For instance, which vaccines should be given to whom at what age and how many doses? We argue that pre- and(More)
The impact of HIV on maternal mortality and more broadly on the health of women, remains poorly documented and understood. Two recent reports attempt to address the conceptual and methodological challenges that arise in estimating HIV-related maternal mortality and trends. This paper presents and compares the methods and discusses how they affect estimates(More)
BACKGROUND Although antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis prevents HIV acquisition, it is not known if it alters HIV disease progression. This study assesses whether tenofovir gel impacted on disease progression among CAPRISA 004 microbicide trial seroconvertors. METHODS Eighty-three seroconvertors from the tenofovir and placebo gel arms of the CAPRISA(More)
INTRODUCTION The provision of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) services was piloted in three public sector facilities in a high HIV disease burden, low circumcision rate province in South Africa to inform policy and operational guidance for scale-up of the service for HIV prevention. We report on adverse events (AEs) experienced by clients(More)
ARV-based HIV prevention methods available in pill, gel or ring formulations (broadly referred to as microbicides) offer the possibility of protection against HIV for women who find it difficult because they cannot ask their partners to use condoms or even refuse sex. Partial efficacy of ARV-based medications has been demonstrated in a number of clinical(More)
In attaining UNAIDS targets of 90-90-90 to achieve epidemic control, understanding who the current utilizers of HIV treatment services are will inform efforts aimed at reaching those not being reached. A retrospective chart review of CAPRISA AIDS Treatment Program (CAT) patients between 2004 and 2013 was undertaken. Of the 4043 HIV-infected patients(More)
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