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Noonan syndrome (NS) is a relatively common genetic disorder, characterized by typical facies, short stature, developmental delay, and cardiac abnormalities. Known causative genes account for 70-80% of clinically diagnosed NS patients, but the genetic basis for the remaining 20-30% of cases is unknown. We performed next-generation sequencing on germ-line(More)
In acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), the cell of origin, nature and biological consequences of initiating lesions, and order of subsequent mutations remain poorly understood, as AML is typically diagnosed without observation of a pre-leukaemic phase. Here, highly purified haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), progenitor and mature cell fractions from the blood of(More)
Mutations in human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) pose a risk for their clinical use due to preferential reprogramming of mutated founder cell and selection of mutations during maintenance of iPSCs in cell culture. It is unknown, however, if mutations in iPSCs are due to stress associated with oncogene expression during reprogramming. We performed(More)
This paper describes a framework that uses the Semantic Web infrastructure to address semantic interoperability between relational database systems in large-scale environments and at multiple levels of granularities. Given a relational database system, we describe a formal algorithm to use the relational database Rs meta-data and structural constraints to(More)
UNLABELLED Several semantic Web Services clients for Bioinformatics have been released, but to date no support systems for service providers have been described. We have created a framework ('MobyServlet') that very simply allows an existing Java application to conform to the MOBY-S semantic Web Services protocol. Using an existing Java program for(More)
The nematode Caenorhabditis briggsae is a model for comparative developmental evolution with C. elegans. Worldwide collections of C. briggsae have implicated an intriguing history of divergence among genetic groups separated by latitude, or by restricted geography, that is being exploited to dissect the genetic basis to adaptive evolution and reproductive(More)
Funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the aim of the Mod el Organism ENC yclopedia o f D NA E lements (modENCODE) project is to provide the biological research community with a comprehensive encyclopedia of functional genomic elements for both model organisms C. elegans (worm) and D. melanogaster (fly). With a total size of just under 10(More)
The Acknowledgements of this Article contain typographical errors. ‘‘The InterMOD project has been undertaken with support from the National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health [RG51958 and RG60870], and the Wellcome Trust[090297]. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the(More)
Recombinant retroviral vectors are useful tools for gene transfer in both gene therapy and research applications. An enhanced form of green fluorescent protein has been incorporated into recombinant retroviruses as a marker to follow infected cells. In this paper, we extended the use of the fluorescent reporter to quantify protein expression using such(More)
Model organisms are widely used for understanding basic biology, and have significantly contributed to the study of human disease. In recent years, genomic analysis has provided extensive evidence of widespread conservation of gene sequence and function amongst eukaryotes, allowing insights from model organisms to help decipher gene function in a wider(More)