Quan-shi Zhang

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The present study examined whether modified xenobiotic transport, resulting from chlordecone (CD) or dieldrin pretreatment, would alter polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) or organochlorine (OC) target organ doses and subsequent tumor organospecificity or incidence rates in rainbow trout. Additionally, the potential for exposure to dieldrin or CD,(More)
We previously demonstrated that pretreatment of rainbow trout with the organochlorine insecticide dieldrin altered in vivo disposition of a subsequent [14C]dieldrin dose. This was not explained by changes in total lipid content or the activity of common xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes. We hypothesized that dieldrin induced hepatic proteins responsible for(More)
Nuclear reactions are a very important natural phenomenon in the universe. On the earth, cosmic rays constantly cause nuclear reactions. High energy beams created by medical devices also induce nuclear reactions in the human body. The biological role of these nuclear reactions is unknown. Here we show that the in vivo biological systems are exquisite and(More)
Rainbow trout (initial weight of 4 or 5 g) were acclimated at a cool, 11.0 degrees C (C), a warm, 18.0 degrees C (W), or an intermediate temperature 14.5 degrees C (I) for 1 month. There was a slight difference in hepatic microsomal content of one of six cytochrome P450 isozymes between acclimation groups. Monounsaturated fatty acids in hepatic(More)
Alterations in membrane lipid composition during temperature acclimation of poikilotherms is hypothesized to compensate for direct effects of temperature on membrane fluidity. Temperature also influences disposition and actions of some xenobiotics. This suggests the potential for complex interactions between temperature and metabolism of chemical(More)
Previous work showed that the incidence of chemically induced tumors in fish increased with environmental temperature. The present study assessed genotoxicity as a mechanism to explain such results. Rainbow trout (2 g) were acclimated to 10 or 18 degrees C for 1 month and then immersed in 0.1 ppm [3H]aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) solutions for 30 min at their(More)
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