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Salt cress (Thellungiella halophila) is a small winter annual crucifer with a short life cycle. It has a small genome (about 2 x Arabidopsis) with high sequence identity (average 92%) with Arabidopsis, and can be genetically transformed by the simple floral dip procedure. It is capable of copious seed production. Salt cress is an extremophile native to(More)
neighbor nodes. Since interference is one of the major factors that constrain the performance in a M 3 WN, in this paper, we introduce an important Channel Cost Metric (CCM) which actually reflects the interference cost and is defined as the sum of expected transmission time weighted by the channel utilization over all interfering channels (for each node).(More)
The sensitivity of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to evoked brain activity is reduced by physiological interference in at least two locations: 1. the superficial scalp and skull layers, and 2. in brain tissue itself. These interferences are generally termed as "global interferences" or "systemic interferences," and arise from cardiac activity,(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the voltage-gated ion channels in human beta-cells from nondiabetic donors and their role in glucose-stimulated insulin release. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Insulin release was measured from intact islets. Whole-cell patch-clamp experiments and measurements of cell capacitance were performed on isolated beta-cells. The ion(More)
This paper investigates the multiple attribute decision making problem with preference information on alternatives, in which multiple decision makers give their preference information in three forms, i.e., preference orderings, utility values and fuzzy preference relation. A new approach is presented to make use of both the decision makers' social fuzzy(More)
A nonlinear, Bayesian optimization scheme is presented for reconstructing fluorescent yield and lifetime, the absorption coefficient, and the diffusion coefficient in turbid media, such as biological tissue. The method utilizes measurements at both the excitation and the emission wavelengths to reconstruct all unknown parameters. The effectiveness of the(More)
There is growing recognition of an interaction between cerebrovascular disease and Alzheimer's disease, but the mechanisms of this interaction remain poorly understood. While macroscopic stroke can clearly produce cognitive deficits and accelerate Alzheimer's disease, the prevalence and implications of microvascular disease in Alzheimer's disease(More)
In previous work we introduced a novel method for reducing global interference, based on adaptive filtering, to improve the contrast to noise ratio (CNR) of evoked hemodynamic responses measured non-invasively with near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). Here, we address the issue of how to generally apply the proposed adaptive filtering method. A total of 156(More)
Following previous Monte Carlo simulations, we describe in detail an example of detecting evoked visual hemodynamic responses in a human subject as a preliminary demonstration of the novel global interference cancellation technology. The raw time series of oxyhemoglobin (O(2)Hb) and deoxyhemoglobin (HHb) changes, their block averaged results before and(More)
The perforated whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique was applied to functionally identified beta-cells in intact mouse pancreatic islets to study the extent of cell coupling between adjacent beta-cells. Using a combination of current- and voltage-clamp recordings, the total gap junctional conductance between beta-cells in an islet was(More)