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Salt cress (Thellungiella halophila) is a small winter annual crucifer with a short life cycle. It has a small genome (about 2 x Arabidopsis) with high sequence identity (average 92%) with Arabidopsis, and can be genetically transformed by the simple floral dip procedure. It is capable of copious seed production. Salt cress is an extremophile native to(More)
The contribution of SOS1 (for Salt Overly Sensitive 1), encoding a sodium/proton antiporter, to plant salinity tolerance was analyzed in wild-type and RNA interference (RNAi) lines of the halophytic Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana)-relative Thellungiella salsuginea. Under all conditions, SOS1 mRNA abundance was higher in Thellungiella than in Arabidopsis.(More)
neighbor nodes. Since interference is one of the major factors that constrain the performance in a M 3 WN, in this paper, we introduce an important Channel Cost Metric (CCM) which actually reflects the interference cost and is defined as the sum of expected transmission time weighted by the channel utilization over all interfering channels (for each node).(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the voltage-gated ion channels in human beta-cells from nondiabetic donors and their role in glucose-stimulated insulin release. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Insulin release was measured from intact islets. Whole-cell patch-clamp experiments and measurements of cell capacitance were performed on isolated beta-cells. The ion(More)
The sensitivity of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to evoked brain activity is reduced by physiological interference in at least two locations: 1. the superficial scalp and skull layers, and 2. in brain tissue itself. These interferences are generally termed as "global interferences" or "systemic interferences," and arise from cardiac activity,(More)
This paper investigates the multiple attribute decision making problem with preference information on alternatives, in which multiple decision makers give their preference information in three forms, i.e., preference orderings, utility values and fuzzy preference relation. A new approach is presented to make use of both the decision makers' social fuzzy(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Structural and functional brain changes may contribute to neural dysfunction in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, the effect of OSA on resting-state brain activity has not been established. The objective of this study was to investigate alterations in resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) of the common brain(More)
The frequency-domain multiple-distance (FDMD) method is capable of measuring the absolute absorption and reduced scattering coefficients of optically turbid media. Absolute measurement of absorption at two near-infrared (NIR) wavelengths makes possible the quantitation of tissue haemoglobin concentration and tissue haemoglobin oxygen-saturation (StO2).(More)
A nonlinear, Bayesian optimization scheme is presented for reconstructing fluorescent yield and lifetime, the absorption coefficient, and the diffusion coefficient in turbid media, such as biological tissue. The method utilizes measurements at both the excitation and the emission wavelengths to reconstruct all unknown parameters. The effectiveness of the(More)
Plants acquire essential mineral nutrients such as phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) directly from the soil, but the majority of the vascular plants also gain access to these mineral nutrients through endosymbiotic associations with arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi. In AM symbiosis, the fungi deliver P and N to the root through branched hyphae called(More)