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The establishment of the health-promoting benefits of probiotics is challenged by the antimicrobial bio-barriers throughout the host’s gastrointestinal (GI) tract after oral administration. Although microencapsulation has been frequently utilised to enhance the delivery of probiotics, microcapsules of sub-100 μm were found to be ineffective and therefore(More)
The aim of this study was to apply flow cytometric (FCM) analysis to assess the use of sucrose and lecithin vesicles for the protection of probiotic lactic acid bacteria in response to the challenge of gastric acidity and bile salts. FCM analysis in combination with fluorescent probes carboxyfluorescein (cF) and propidium iodide was used to reveal the(More)
Three different types of isolated nerve-synapse preparations, guinea pig ileum, rat vas deferens and toad heart, were used to investigate the physiological activity of Huwentoxin-I, a neurotoxin from the venom of the spider Selenocosmia huwena. The twitch response of isolated guinea pig ileum induced by electrical stimulus can be inhibited by HWTX-I. After(More)
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