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The tafazzin (TAZ) gene is highly conserved from yeast to humans, and the yeast taz1 null mutant shows alterations in cardiolipin (CL) metabolism, mitochondrial dysfunction and stabilization of supercomplexes similar to those found in Barth syndrome, a human disorder resulting from loss of tafazzin. We have previously shown that the yeast tafazzin mutant(More)
Mutation of the mitochondrial protein tafazzin causes dilated cardiomyopathy in Barth syndrome. Previous studies have shown that tafazzin knockdown promotes hypertrophy of neonatal cardiac myocytes. The current investigation was designed to show whether tafazzin knockdown affects cardiac fibroblast proliferation and collagen secretion, which contribute to(More)
We have previously reported that 1) inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 and PGE(2) production reduces hypertrophy after myocardial infarction in mice and 2) PGE(2) acting through its EP4 receptor causes hypertrophy of neonatal ventricular myocytes (NVMs) via ERK1/2. It is known that EP4 couples to adenylate cyclase, cAMP, and PKA. The present study was designed(More)
BACKGROUND It is well established that premenopausal women are protected from cardiovascular disease. This gender difference in favor of females is also demonstrated in animal studies. Our research group previously found that female mice had much lower incidence of cardiac rupture and mortality than did males during the acute phase of myocardial infarction(More)
  • Quan He
  • 2010
Mutation of the mitochondrial protein tafazzin causes dilated cardiomyopathy in Barth syndrome. We employed an adenovirus as a vector to transfer tafazzin small hairpin RNA (shRNA) into neonatal ventricular myocytes (NVMs) to investigate the effects of tafazzin knockdown. The tafazzin shRNA adenovirus consistently knocked down tafazzin mRNA and lowered(More)
Tafazzin, a mitochondrial acyltransferase, plays an important role in cardiolipin side chain remodeling. Previous studies have shown that dysfunction of tafazzin reduces cardiolipin content, impairs mitochondrial function, and causes dilated cardiomyopathy in Barth syndrome. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated in the development of(More)
Cardiolipin, a signature phospholipid of mitochondria, is predominantly present in the mitochondrial inner membrane and plays an important role in keeping optimal mitochondrial function. In addition to the cardiolipin content, the composition of four fatty acid chain is thought determine cardiolipin biological function. These acyl chains of cardiolipin are(More)
Environmental rotenone is associated with Parkinson's disease due to its inhibitory property to the complex I of mitochondrial respiration chain. Although environmental pollution has been postulated as a causal factor for the increasing prevalence of obesity, the role of rotenone in the pathogenesis of obesity has not been studied. We employed(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the function of chymase on heart remodeling by overexpression of human chymase in the heart of transgenic mice. METHODS Transgenic mice were produced by microinjection. The chymase mRNA levels in the heart and other tissues were assessed by competitive reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The expression of collagen(More)
Studies have shown that the inositol biosynthetic pathway and the enzyme glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) are targets of the mood-stabilizing drugs lithium and valproate. However, a relationship between these targets has not been previously described. We hypothesized that GSK-3 may play a role in inositol synthesis, and that loss of GSK-3 may lead to(More)