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This work investigates the polyanion initiated gelation process in fabricating chitosan-TPP (tripolyphosphate) nanoparticles in the size range of 100-250 nm intended to be used as carriers for the delivery of gene or protein macromolecules. It demonstrates that ionic gelation of cationic chitosan molecules offers a flexible and easily controllable process(More)
Chitosan nanoparticles fabricated via different preparation protocols have been in recent years widely studied as carriers for therapeutic proteins and genes with varying degree of effectiveness and drawbacks. This work seeks to further explore the polyionic coacervation fabrication process, and associated processing conditions under which protein(More)
This study assesses the use of dried (5% w/w moisture) kudzu (Peuraria lobata ohwi) as an adsorbent medium for the removal of two basic dyes, Basic Yellow 21 and Basic Red 22, from aqueous solutions. The extent of adsorption was measured through equilibrium sorption isotherms for the single component systems. Equilibrium was achieved after 21 days. The(More)
Glutamate-gated ion channels embedded within the neuronal membrane are the primary mediators of fast excitatory synaptic transmission in the CNS. The ion channel of these glutamate receptors contains a pore-lining transmembrane M3 helix surrounded by peripheral M1 and M4 helices. In the NMDA receptor subtype, opening of the ion channel pore, mediated by(More)
Previous studies on facial expression analysis have been focused on recognizing basic expression categories. There is limited amount of work on the continuous expression intensity estimation, which is important for detecting and tracking emotion change. Part of the reason is the lack of labeled data with annotated expression intensity since expression(More)
Granular computing has been applied in many fields to solve problems or describe problem spaces at different granularities and hierarchies. In this paper, a rule generation algorithm based on granular computing (RGAGC) is developed. RGAGC is a valid method to generate rules from the granule space. Compared with many classic decision tree algorithms, RGAGC(More)
OBJECTIVES To monitor the frequency of antibiotic resistance of Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) in Nanning, China, between 2000 and 2012. METHODS The production of β-lactamase by NG isolates was determined using the paper acidometric testing method. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed for tetracycline, ciprofloxacin, spectinomycin, and(More)
OBJECTIVE To observe the effect of low-dose hydrocortisone on the requirement of norepinephrine and lactate clearance in patients with refractory septic shock, and to investigate the effect of stress dose corticosteroids in reversing septic shock and improving tissue oxygen supply. METHODS Seventy-seven septic shock patients with hypotension refractory to(More)
AMPA receptors (AMPARs) play a critical role in excitatory glutamatergic neurotransmission. The number and subunit composition of AMPARs at synapses determines the dynamics of fast glutamatergic signalling. Functional AMPARs on the cell surface are tetramers. Thus tetrameric assembly of AMPARs represents a promising target for modulating AMPAR-mediated(More)
The use of kudzu, a rapidly growing, high-climbing perennial leguminous vine, for the adsorption of basic dyes from aqueous solution has been investigated at various initial dye concentrations, masses of kudzu, and agitation rates. The extent and rate of adsorption of the three basic dyes (Basic Red 22, Basic Yellow 21, and Basic Blue 3) were analyzed using(More)