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Neuregulins (NRGs) and their receptors, the ErbB protein tyrosine kinases, are essential for neuronal development, but their functions in the adult CNS are unknown. We report that ErbB4 is enriched in the postsynaptic density (PSD) and associates with PSD-95. Heterologous expression of PSD-95 enhanced NRG activation of ErbB4 and MAP kinase. Conversely,(More)
MOTIVATION Systematic differences due to experimental features of microarray experiments are present in most large microarray data sets. Many different experimental features can cause biases including different sources of RNA, different production lots of microarrays or different microarray platforms. These systematic effects present a substantial hurdle to(More)
The specificity of small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated gene silencing is a critical consideration for the application of RNA interference (RNAi). While the discovery of potential off-target effects by siRNAs is of concern, no systematic analysis has been conducted to explore the specificity of RNAi. Here, we present a study where a functionally validated(More)
Cloutier and Widom [Cloutier, T. E. & Widom, J. (2004) Mol. Cell 14, 355-362] recently reported that the cyclization efficiency of short DNA fragments, about 100 bp in length, exceeds theoretical expectations by three orders of magnitude. In an effort to resolve this discrepancy, we tried modifying the theory. We investigated how the distribution of the(More)
To understand whether any human-specific new genes may be associated with human brain functions, we computationally screened the genetic vulnerable factors identified through Genome-Wide Association Studies and linkage analyses of nicotine addiction and found one human-specific de novo protein-coding gene, FLJ33706 (alternative gene symbol C20orf203).(More)
RNA transcripts are generally classified into polyA-plus and polyA-minus subgroups due to the presence or absence of a polyA tail at the 3' end. Even though a number of physiologically and pathologically important polyA-minus RNAs have been recently identified, a systematic analysis of the expression and function of these transcripts in adipogenesis is(More)
Silencing specificity is a critical issue in the therapeutic applications of siRNA, particularly in the treatment of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) diseases where discrimination against single nucleotide variation is demanded. However, no generally applicable guidelines are available for the design of such allele-specific siRNAs. In this paper, the(More)
DNA bending and torsional deformations that often occur during its functioning inside the cell can cause local disruptions of the regular helical structure. The disruptions created by negative torsional stress have been studied in detail, but those caused by bending stress have only been analyzed theoretically. By probing the structure of very small DNA(More)
High plasma copeptin levels are associated with mortality after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). However, there is a paucity of data available on whether copeptin is an independent prognostic marker of mortality. Thus, we sought to furthermore evaluate this relation. Thirty healthy controls and 86 patients with acute ICH were included. Plasma samples were(More)
Although RNA interference as a tool for gene knockdown is a great promise for future applications, the specificity of small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated gene silencing needs to be thoroughly investigated. Most research regarding siRNA specificity has involved analysis of affected off-target genes instead of exploring the specificity of the siRNA itself.(More)