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The effects of two novel antiarrhythmic drugs, cibenzoline and flecainide, known to exert potent inhibitory effects on sodium channel, were investigated on intraventricular conduction in anaesthetized, closed-chest dogs. During this study, in which the heart was electrically stimulated, the pacing period was gradually reduced in the 500-200 msec range, and(More)
  • J. F. Aupetit, Q. Timour, G. Chevrel, J. Loufoua-Moundanga, S. Omar, G. Faucon
  • 1993
Calcium antagonists have been reported to decrease the incidence of sudden death in postinfarction management and vulnerability to fibrillation secondary to experimental coronary occlusion. In order to confirm such beneficial results regarding ischaemic ventricular fibrillation, the threshold intensity for fibrillation electrically induced with impulses of(More)
PURPOSE Ventricular fibrillation (VF) is a possible consequence of brief myocardial ischemia. Such a short ischemia does not provoke cell damage, but induces changes in intracellular cardiac metabolism due to diminished oxygen supply to the heart. Trimetazidine (TMZ) is a drug able to restore the metabolic balance between fatty acid and glucose oxidation in(More)
BACKGROUND Tachycardia often facilitates ischemic ventricular fibrillation (VF). OBJECTIVE This study assessed the impact of ivabradine (IVA), a selective inhibitor of the cardiac pacemaker If current, on ventricular fibrillation threshold (VFT) during acute myocardial ischemia. METHODS The experiments were conducted on a total of 54 domestic pigs.(More)
The cardiac adrenergic system is known to have practically no influence on conduction velocity in the ventricles under normal conditions. The effects of isoproterenol and propranolol were investigated on depression of intraventricular conduction induced by a class IC antiarrhythmic drug, cibenzoline, in anaesthetized, closed-chest dogs. In addition to(More)
A comparative evaluation of beta-blockers and calcium antagonists as protective agents against ventricular fibrillation related to myocardial ischaemia, was attempted in the pig heart in situ of anaesthetized, open-chest animals, subjected to a temporary complete occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery near its origin. This occlusion(More)
Epicardial radiofrequency catheter ablation of the atria in the open-chest dog has been shown to reduce inducibility of atrial fibrillation. Video-assisted endoscopic techniques decrease the operative trauma in adult thoracic surgery. We report our results of video-assisted thoracoscopic radiofrequency catheter ablation of the atria for the prevention of(More)
The effects of three antiarrhythmic drugs were investigated in anesthetized, open-chest pigs, in a left ventricular area, under pacing at a constant high rate (180 beats/min), in the absence and presence of ischemia. Ischemia was produced by transient complete occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery near its origin. In addition to the(More)
The effects of three Ic antiarrhythmic drugs, flecainide, propafenone and cibenzoline, were investigated in anaesthetized, open-chest pigs, in a left ventricular area, during pacing at a constant high rate (180 beats min−1), in the absence and the presence of ischaemia. Ischaemia was produced by transient complete occlusion of the left anterior descending(More)