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The pore-forming subunits of canonical voltage-gated sodium and calcium channels are encoded by four repeated domains of six-transmembrane (6TM) segments. We expressed and characterized a bacterial ion channel (NaChBac) from Bacillus halodurans that is encoded by one 6TM segment. The sequence, especially in the pore region, is similar to that of(More)
It has been proposed that hematopoietic and endothelial cells are derived from a common cell, the hemangioblast. In this study, we demonstrate that a subset of CD34(+) cells have the capacity to differentiate into endothelial cells in vitro in the presence of basic fibroblast growth factor, insulin-like growth factor-1, and vascular endothelial growth(More)
The role and regulation of interleukin 8 (IL-8) in the growth and metastasis of SG, FG, and L3.3 variants derived from COLO 357 human pancreatic cancer cells were determined. After orthotopic implantation in the pancreas of nude mice, SG cells produced the smallest tumors, whereas L3.3 cells produced the largest tumors. SG cells produced no liver(More)
Application of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis has opened the way for comprehensive studies on numerical chromosome abnormalities in human sperm. During the last decade, more than five million sperm from approximately 500 normal men were analyzed by a number of laboratories from around the world by this approach. Except for chromosome 19(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a key angiogenic molecule that plays an important role in the growth and metastasis of many types of human cancer, including pancreatic adenocarcinoma. In this study, we explored the regulation of VEGF in human pancreatic cancer cells. Over 70% of the human pancreatic cancer cell lines studied in vitro secreted(More)
To account for the increased proportion of paternal nondisjunction in 47,XXY males as compared to other trisomies, it has been suggested that the XY bivalent, with its reduced region of homology, is particularly susceptible to nondisjunction. Molecular studies of liveborn Klinefelter syndrome (47,XXY) individuals have reported an association between the(More)
Reproductive difficulties are associated intimately with cytogenetic abnormalities. This article reviews multicolour fluorescence in situ hybridization studies on spermatozoa from men with constitutional chromosomal abnormalities and the consequences for spermatozoa, and on chromosomal abnormalities in the spermatozoa of infertile men who have normal(More)
Ketamine, a non-competitive N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist, is associated with accelerated neuronal apoptosis in the developing rodent brain. In this study, postnatal day (PND) 7 rats were treated with 20 mg/kg ketamine or saline in six successive doses (s.c.) at 2-h intervals. Brain frontal cortical areas were collected 6 h after the last(More)
Zinc appears to play a role in synaptic transmission in the hippocampus. We tested the hypothesis that zinc is similarly involved in sensory transmission by determining whether vesicular zinc and metallothionein-III (MT-III), a zinc-binding protein, are localized in rat primary afferent neurons. MT-III mRNA, measured using RT-PCR, and MT-III(More)
Taihu Lake is the third largest freshwater lake in China. In recent years, the water pollution of cyanobacteria blooms has become a severe problem in this area. Microcystins (MCs) are an important group of toxic compounds mainly produced by some cyanobacteria species and have both acute and chronic hepatotoxic effects on animals and humans. This paper(More)