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OBJECTIVES The distribution of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) clones is dynamic and geographically unique. To understand the changing epidemiology of MRSA infections in China, we performed a prospective, multicity surveillance study with molecular typing and phenotypic analysis to determine the association of major prevalent clones with(More)
DNA methylation and H3K9 trimethylation are involved in gene silencing and heterochromatin assembly in mammals and fungi. In the filamentous fungus Neurospora crassa, it has been demonstrated that H3K9 trimethylation catalyzed by histone methyltransferase DIM-5 is essential for DNA methylation. Trimethylated H3K9 is recognized by HP1, which then recruits(More)
Rhythmic activation and repression of clock gene transcription is essential for the functions of eukaryotic circadian clocks. In the Neurospora circadian oscillator, frequency (frq) transcription requires the WHITE COLLAR (WC) complex. Here, we show that the transcriptional corepressor regulation of conidiation-1 (RCO-1) is essential for clock function by(More)
DNA methylation is involved in gene silencing and genome stability in organisms from fungi to mammals. Genetic studies in Neurospora crassa previously showed that the CUL4-DDB1 E3 ubiquitin ligase regulates DNA methylation via histone H3K9 trimethylation. However, the substrate-specific adaptors of this ligase that are involved in the process were not(More)
The emergence of Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL)-positive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a public health concern worldwide. PVL is associated with community-associated MRSA and is linked to skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs). However, PVL genes have also been detected in health care-associated (HA) MRSA isolates. The diseases(More)
The Cop9 signalosome (CSN) is an evolutionarily conserved multifunctional complex that controls ubiquitin-dependent protein degradation in eukaryotes. We found seven CSN subunits in Neurospora crassa in a previous study, but only one subunit, CSN-2, was functionally characterized. In this study, we created knockout mutants for the remaining individual CSN(More)
OBJECTIVES Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection is increasing and causing global concern. The mechanism of MRSA resistance to amikacin is poorly understood. We report on the first matched-pair study to reveal that the phenotypic cell wall thickening of MRSA is associated with adaptive resistance to amikacin. METHODS Two MRSA(More)
Double-strand breaks repaired by homologous recombination (HR) are first resected to form single-stranded DNA, which binds replication protein A (RPA). RPA attracts mediators that load the Rad51 filament to promote strand invasion, the defining feature of HR. How the resection machinery navigates nucleosome-packaged DNA is poorly understood. Here we report(More)
Morganella morganii belongs to the tribe Proteeae of the Enterobacteriaceae family. This species is considered as an unusual opportunistic pathogen that mainly causes post-operative wound and urinary tract infections. However, certain clinical M. morganii isolates present resistance to multiple antibiotics by carrying various resistant genes (such as(More)
Vancomycin has been used as the last resort in the clinical treatment of serious Staphylococcus aureus infections. Vancomycin-intermediate S. aureus (VISA) was discovered almost two decades ago. Aside from the vancomycin-intermediate phenotype, VISA strains from the clinic or laboratory exhibited common characteristics, such as thickened cell walls, reduced(More)