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De-identification, identifying and removing all protected health information (PHI) present in clinical data including electronic medical records (EMRs), is a critical step in making clinical data publicly available. The 2014 i2b2 (Center of Informatics for Integrating Biology and Bedside) clinical natural language processing (NLP) challenge sets up a track(More)
We previously constructed an arabinose-inducible recombinant Bifidobacterium longum that could efficiently express secreted IFN-alpha2b in vitro (Deng et al. in Arch Microbiol 191:681-686, 2009). Here, we investigated the influence of oral pBAD-SPIFN-transformed B. longum on immunomodulation and IFN-induced Mx1 gene transcription in mice. We observed(More)
BACKGROUND We assessed whether aortic cross-clamping or limb remote ischemic preconditioning improved postoperative outcomes, reduced myocardial injury and incidences of postoperative complications in patients undergoing on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). MATERIALS AND METHODS PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and ClinicalTrials databases(More)
BACKGROUND Interferon has been widely used in the treatment of genital warts for its immunomodulatory, antiproliferative and antiviral properties. Currently, no evidence that interferon improves the complete response rate or reduces the recurrence rate of genital warts has been generally provided. The aim of this review is to assess, from randomized control(More)
Multiple reports have claimed that low-dose orally administered interferon (IFN)-α is beneficial in the treatment of many infectious diseases and provides a viable alternative to high-dose intramuscular treatment. However, research is needed on how to express IFN stably in the gut. Bifidobacterium may be a suitable carrier for human gene expression and(More)
Bifidobacteria can potentially be used for gene therapy. Here, we reported that 65% of the total hIFN-alpha2b produced from Bifidobacteria longum transformed with pBAD-SPIFN plasmids encoding a fusion protein of the arabinosidase signal peptide and human IFN-alpha2b (hIFN-alpha2b), was secreted. For B. longum transformed with pBAD-IFN plasmids (hIFN-alpha2b(More)
OBJECTIVE It has been reported that LZD-resistant Enterococcus in the gastrointestinal tract of mice colonizes persistently and shows variable minimum inhibitor concentration (MIC) values. However, the colonization characteristics of Enterococcus with LZD resistance in patients remain elusive. Here, we report the case of a patient with recurrent pneumonia(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) are often highly susceptible to microbial infection due to a depressed immune system. This study was carried out to investigate the prevalence and clinical significance of Cryptosporidium infection in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated ACLF in Hunan Province, China. METHODS Fecal(More)
IL-12 plays an important role in the treatment of many infectious diseases by being administered intravenously or intramuscularly. However, intravenous or intramuscular administration is difficult and inconvenient and may cause side effects. The aim of this study is to develop a novel oral delivery system for IL-12 using genetically engineered(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is a well-known organism which is responsible for a variety of human infectious diseases including skin infections, pneumonia, bacteremia, and endocarditis. Few of the microorganisms can be transmitted from mother to the newborn or infant by milk breastfeeding. This study aims to identify transmission of S. aureus from healthy,(More)