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Penaeid shrimp aquaculture has suffered from many diseases, especially from viral origin such as white spot syndrome virus (WSSV). In an attempt to obtain antiviral-relevant proteins, two peptides with molecular masses at 73 and 75kDa were isolated from shrimp Penaeus monodon using affinity chromatography coupled with the purified WSSV or a fish iridovirus(More)
BACKGROUND Soft-shelled turtle iridovirus (STIV) is the causative agent of severe systemic diseases in cultured soft-shelled turtles (Trionyx sinensis). To our knowledge, the only molecular information available on STIV mainly concerns the highly conserved STIV major capsid protein. The complete sequence of the STIV genome is not yet available. Therefore,(More)
Virus induced cell death, including apoptosis and nonapoptotic cell death, plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of viral diseases. Singapore grouper iridovirus (SGIV), a novel iridovirus of genus Ranavirus, causes high mortality and heavy economic losses in grouper aquaculture. Here, using fluorescence microscopy, electron microscopy and biochemical(More)
Singapore grouper iridovirus (SGIV) is an enveloped virus causing heavy economic losses to marine fish culture. The envelope fractions of SGIV were separated from the purified virions by Triton X-100 treatment, and subjected to 1-DE-MALDI-TOF/TOF-MS/MS and LC-MALDI-TOF/TOF-MS/MS analysis. A total of 19 virus-encoded envelope proteins were identified in this(More)
Singapore grouper iridovirus (SGIV), as a causative agent of serious systemic disease, causes significant economic losses in grouper aquaculture. In this study, a novel ICP18 homolog encoded by SGIV ORF086R was identified and characterized. Strikingly, ICP18 homologs can be found in all ranaviruses, but not in other sequenced large DNA viruses. SGIV ICP18(More)
L-type lectins are involved in glycoproteins secretory pathways and are associated with many immune responses. There is growing evidence that L-type lectins are also involved in viral replication. In this study, a novel L-type lectin (named as PcL-lectin) was identified from red swamp crayfish (Procambarus clakii). Gene sequencing and phylogenetic tree(More)
Viral envelope proteins are always proposed to exert important function during virus infection and replication. Vertebrate iridoviruses are enveloped large DNA virus, which can cause great economic losses in aquaculture and ecological destruction. Although numerous iridovirus envelope proteins have been identified using bioinformatics and proteomic methods,(More)
White Spot Syndrome Virus (WSSV) is the major viral pathogen of culture shrimp. Although remarkable progress has been made in characterizing the WSSV genome, information concerning the antiviral process of host is still limited. To identify the genes differentially expressed along with their expression profile in the hemocytes of the virus-resistant shrimp,(More)
Lipopolysaccharide-induced TNF-alpha factor (LITAF), a transcription factor, can regulate tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) transcription. Here, a novel LITAF homolog encoded by Singapore grouper iridovirus (SGIV LITAF) was identified and characterized. The putative SGIV LITAF encoded a protein of 104 amino acids (aa) with a predicted molecular mass(More)
BACKGROUND Orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides) is an economically important marine fish cultured in China and Southeast Asian countries. The emergence of infectious viral diseases, including iridovirus and betanodavirus, have severely affected food products based on this species, causing heavy economic losses. Limited available information on the(More)