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Cellulose synthase (CESA), which is an essential catalyst for the generation of plant cell wall biomass, is mainly encoded by the CesA gene family that contains ten or more members. In this study; four full-length cDNAs encoding CESA were isolated from Betula platyphylla Suk., which is an important timber species, using RT-PCR combined with the RACE method(More)
Dynamic changes in callose content, which is deposited as a plant defense response to physiological changes, were analyzed during somatic embryogenesis in Eleutherococcus senticosus zygotic embryos plasmolyzed in 1.0 M mannitol. During plasmolysis, callose deposition was clearly observed inside the plasma membrane of zygotic embryo epidermal cells using(More)
The main task of this study is to establish if a separate low-falling tone could be recognized as Tone-3 in Mandarin. Sixty listeners with different language backgrounds take part in the experiment. Their perception of twelve end-fixed falling pitch contours is reported. The results show that Chinese participants do not perceive low-falling tones as Tone-3;(More)
Precise cancer classification is a central challenge in clinical cancer research such as diagnosis, prognosis and metastasis prediction. Most existing cancer classification methods based on gene or metabolite biomarkers were limited to single genomics or metabolomics, and lacked integration and utilization of multiple 'omics' data. The accuracy and(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of non-coding RNAs known to play important regulatory roles through targets, which can affect human cell proliferation, differentiation, and metabolism. Overlaps between different miRNA target prediction algorithms (MTPAs) are small, which limit the understanding of miRNA's biological functions. However, the overlaps increase(More)
Soil bacteria play a major role in ecological and biodegradable function processes in oil-contaminated soils. Here, we assessed the bacterial diversity and changes therein in oil-contaminated soils exposed to different periods of oil pollution using 454 pyrosequencing of 16S rRNA genes. No less than 24,953 valid reads and 6246 operational taxonomic units(More)
The initiation and development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is closely related to mutual dysfunction of multiple pathways. Furthermore, some similar molecular mechanisms are shared between RA and other immune diseases. Therefore it is vital to reveal the molecular mechanism of RA through searching for subpathways of immune diseases and investigating the(More)
Prunus mira Koehne ex Sargent (syn. Persica mira (Koehne) Kov. et Kostina), native to China, is an excellent fruit tree due to its high ecological and economical value. However, there is limited knowledge on the genetic information of P. mira. In this study, the genetic relationships of 83 P. mira accessions from five populations were assessed using(More)
Somatic embryogenesis (SE) has been studied as a model system to understand molecular events in physiology, biochemistry, and cytology during plant embryo development. In particular, it is exceedingly difficult to access the morphological and early regulatory events in zygotic embryos. To understand the molecular mechanisms regulating early SE in(More)