Qiuming Gong

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BACKGROUND The KCNH2 or human ether-a-go-go related gene (hERG) encodes the Kv11.1 alpha-subunit of the rapidly activating delayed rectifier K+ current (IKr) in the heart. Type 2 congenital long-QT syndrome (LQT2) results from KCNH2 mutations that cause loss of Kv11.1 channel function. Several mechanisms have been identified, including disruption of Kv11.1(More)
We have established stably transfected HEK 293 cell lines expressing high levels of functional human ether-a go-go-related gene (HERG) channels. We used these cells to study biochemical characteristics of HERG protein, and to study electrophysiological and pharmacological properties of HERG channel current at 35 degrees C. HERG-transfected cells expressed(More)
The chromosome 7-linked form of congenital long QT syndrome (LQT2) is caused by mutations in the human ether-a-go-go-related gene (HERG) that encodes the rapidly activating delayed rectifier potassium channel. One mechanism for the loss of normal channel function in LQT2 is defective protein trafficking, which results in the failure of the channel protein(More)
Mutations in the human ether-a-go-go-related gene (HERG) cause long QT syndrome type 2 (LQT2). HERG encodes a voltage-gated potassium channel consisting of four subunits. Tetrameric assembly is required for the formation of functional HERG channels. In the present work, we studied the role of assembly in HERG channel dysfunction of LQT2 mutations Q725X and(More)
Calcium channel antagonists have diverse effects on cardiac electrophysiology. We studied the effects of verapamil, diltiazem, and nifedipine on HERG K+ channels that encode IKr in native heart cells. In our experiments, verapamil caused high-affinity block of HERG current (IC50=143.0 nmol/L), a value close to those reported for verapamil block of L-type(More)
Mutations in HERG are associated with human chromosome 7-linked congenital long QT (LQT-2) syndrome. We used electrophysiological, biochemical, and immunohistochemical methods to study the molecular mechanisms of HERG channel dysfunction caused by LQT-2 mutations. Wild type HERG and LQT-2 mutations were studied by stable and transient expression in HEK 293(More)
Long QT syndrome type 2 is caused by mutations in the human ether-a-go-go-related gene (hERG). We previously reported that the N470D mutation is retained in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) but can be rescued to the plasma membrane by hERG channel blocker E-4031. The mechanisms of ER retention and how E-4031 rescues the N470D mutant are poorly understood. In(More)
Cisapride, a gastrointestinal prokinetic agent, is known to cause long Q-T syndrome and ventricular arrhythmias. The cellular mechanism is not known. The human ether-á-go-go-related gene (HERG), which encodes the rapidly activating delayed rectifier K+ current and is important in cardiac repolarization, may serve as a target for the action of cisapride. We(More)
The human ether-à-go-go-related gene (HERG) encodes the pore-forming subunit of the rapidly activating delayed rectifier potassium channel in the heart. We previously showed that HERG channel protein is modified by N-linked glycosylation. HERG protein sequence contains two extracellular consensus sites for N-linked glycosylation (N598, N629). In this study,(More)
LQT2 is one form of the congenital long QT syndrome. It results from mutations in the human ether-a-go-go-related gene (HERG), and more than 80 mutations, usually causing single amino acid substitutions in the HERG protein, are known. HERG encodes the ion channel pore-forming subunit protein for the rapidly activating delayed rectifier K+ channel (I(Kr)) in(More)