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Adeno-associated virus (AAV) serotype 1 (AAV1) has been shown to be more effective than the well-studied AAV serotype 2 (AAV2) in muscle gene transfer. Replacement of amino acids 350 to 430 of AAV2 VP1 with the corresponding amino acids from VP1 of AAV1 resulted in a hybrid vector, termed AAV-221-IV, which behaved similarly to AAV1 in vitro and in vivo in(More)
Hemophilia A is caused by a deficiency in the factor VIII (FVIII) gene. Constrained by limited packaging capacity, even the 4.3-kb B domain-deleted FVIII remained a challenge for delivery by a single adeno-associated viral (AAV) vector. Studies have shown that up to a 6.6-kb vector sequence may be packaged into AAV virions, which suggested an alternative(More)
Iron deficiency anemia is an extra-stomach disease experienced in H. pylori carriers. Individuals with type A blood are more prone to suffering from H. pylori infection than other individuals. To clarify the molecular mechanisms underlying H. pylori-associated anemia, we collected erythrocytes from A, B, O, and AB blood donors and analyzed morphology, the(More)
Coagulation factor VIII (FVIII) is secreted as a heterodimer consisting of a heavy chain (HC) and a light chain (LC), which can be expressed independently and reassociate with recovery of biological activity. Because of the size limitation of adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors, a strategy for delivering the HC and LC separately has been developed.(More)
Protein C is a vitamin K-dependent serine protease zymogen in plasma which upon activation to activated protein C (APC) by thrombin down-regulates the clotting cascade by limited proteolysis of the procoagulant cofactors Va and VIIIa. In addition to its anticoagulant activity, APC also exhibits potent cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory activities. While(More)
BACKGROUND Inherited deficiency of antithrombin, protein C and protein S, three important, naturally occurring coagulation inhibitors, might play a major role in the occurrence of venous thromboembolism in Chinese. The establishment of age- and gender-related normal ranges of these inhibitors is crucial for an accurate diagnosis of these deficiencies. (More)
We report a rare case of congenital hypodysfibrinogenaemia due to maternal uniparental disomy of chromosome 4 (mat UPD 4) and a maternally inherited novel nonsense mutation Trp323X in the fibrinogen Bβ chain (FGB) gene. Western blot analysis of patient's plasma revealed an abnormal fibrinogen which consisted of truncated Bβ chain and normal Aα and γ chains.(More)
A severe coagulopathy is a life-threatening complication of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) and is ascribable mainly to the excessive levels of tissue factor (TF) in APL cells regulated in response to the promyelocytic leukemia/retinoic acid receptor alpha (PML/RARalpha) fusion protein. The underlying molecular mechanisms for this regulation remain(More)
In this study, we investigated the clinical and genetic features of protein C deficiency in the Chinese population. A total of 23 symptomatic patients with protein C deficiency were identified by thrombophilic assays. Detailed clinical data about the patients with respect to their personal and family history of venous thromboembolism (VTE) were collected.(More)
INTRODUCTION Antithrombin (AT) deficiency is associated with an increasing risk of thrombosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS 15 unrelated patients with AT deficiency defined by thrombophilic assays were recruited and detailed clinical information about patients, focusing on the personal and family history of thromboembolism (TE), were recorded. Mutation analysis(More)